7th September In History

September the 7th is an important date which has been etched in history due to the major occurrences that have taken place on this date. Watershed events like the ascension of new popes, and coronation of new monarchs have occurred on this date through the course of history. Important peace agreements and major battles that have shaped the subsequent destinies of various nations have taken place on this date. This day has also seen assassinations of popular public figures. Major sporting records have also been made on this day. September 7th is thus an enormously significant date in world history on which several landmark events have occurred.




Pope Alexander III Chosen As The New Pope

On this day in 1159, Pope Alexander III was named the new Bishop of Rome. Alexander III was an Italian and was pope from 1159 to 1181. He was a teacher of canon law in Bologna and he published several opinions on Italian church law.



Pope Boniface VIII Taken Prisoner

On this day in 1303, the then Bishop of Rome, Boniface VIII was attacked by Guillaume de Nogaret and then taken prisoner. Nogaret was operating on behalf of Philip IV of France. The attack was in revolt to papal policies and ended with all of Boniface’s supporters surrendering to Nogaret.



Thomas Howard, Duke Of Norfolk, Is Arrested

On this day in 1571, Thomas Howard – the then Duke of Norfolk – was arrested for attempting to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England. The aim of the plot was to topple the queen and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots. This assassination plot is often referred to as the Ridolfi plot.



Stanislaw Poniatowski, The Last Ruler Of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Is Elected

On this day in 1764, Stanislaw Poniatowski was elected as the last ruler of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. France undertook several attempts to scuttle Poniatowski’s candidacy but to no avail. Once Poniatowski was elected, he ensured that all French agents were expelled.



Karl III Johan Crowned King Of Norway And Sweden

On this day in 1818, Karl III Johan was crowned the new king of Norway and Sweden. He took over the throne upon the death of his father and his coronation was the first to be held in Norway in more than three centuries. Karl III had a long reign and was a very popular king.



Garibaldi Enters Naples With His Followers

In an attempt to unite Italy, Guiseppe Garibaldi and some of his followers entered Naples on this day in 1860. They were followed soon after by the army. With the king having fled out of the city, Garibaldi and his followers were welcomed royally as the process of reuniting Italy had begun.



Emilio Castelar Y Ripoll Elected As President Of The First Spanish

On this day in 1873, Emilio Castelar y Ripoll was elected as the president of the First Spanish Republic. He was president for only a short duration but was well known as an orator and his speeches against the monarchy. Due to these activities, Ripoll was sentenced to death forcing him to escape to France.



Boxer Protocol Is Signed In China

Boxer Rebellion refers to the uprising of a Chinese secret organization called the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists against the spread of Western and Japanese influence in northern China. The signing of the Boxer Protocol occurred on this day in 1901 thus bringing an end to the famous Boxer Rebellion. The agreement stated that China would pay more than $330 million in reparations to foreign nations involved.



Federal Employers Compensation Act Comes Into Force In The US

On this day, the Federal Employers Compensation Act was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson. The Act helped to extend protection of modern worker compensations to nearly all federal employees. The original Act remains the same on the basis of which modern provisions have been formed.



Berlin Victory Parade Of 1945 Held

The Berlin victory parade was held on this day by the Allied Forces to celebrate their victory over Germany. The parade was held in the capital of Nazi Germany, in Berlin, soon after World War II, with Soviet Union, United States, United Kingdom and France being the participating countries.



The Torrijos-Carter Treaties Are Signed

On this day in 1977, the famous Torrijos-Carter Treaties were signed between the United States and Panama giving the important control of the Panama Canal to the nation of Panama. President Jimmy Carter initiated the signing of the treaties and agreed to the handing over of the canal to Panama by the end of the 20th century.



Investigation Into Kennedy Assassination Begins

On this day in 1978, an investigation was launched by the House Assassinations Committee into the assassination of President John F Kennedy. The aim of the committee was to identify the individuals responsible for the assassination and to remove all doubts and suspicions from the matter.



US Government Takes Control Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac

In the wake of the sub-prime mortgage crisis, the US government announced on this day the takeover of two mortgage giants – Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. This ensured that the US government was in charge of the two mortgage firms and also the $5 trillion in home loans that they backed.



Canada Cuts Diplomatic Ties With Iran

On this day in 2012, Canada took an important diplomatic stance when it closed its embassy in Tehran and cut all diplomatic ties with Iran. The move was taken in protest to Iran’s backing of the Syrian regime.



Battle Of Arsuf

On this day, the Battle of Arsuf was fought as part of the Third Crusade. The battle was between King Richard I of England and the Saladin of the Ayyubids, with more than 20,000 men being involved in the conflict. The battle ended with a resounding victory for Richard I and his men.



Frederick II Starts The Sixth Crusade

On this day in 1228, the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II landed in Acre, Palestine to mark the beginning of the Sixth Crusade. Frederick II was a successor to the Roman rulers of the antiquity and was crowned emperor by Pope Honorius II in 1220.



Siege Of Turin Comes To An End

The Siege of Turin was a major event that occurred during the War of Spanish Succession. The siege of the city ended with the city falling after the appearance of the liberation army in September of 1706. The Duke of Vendome of France controlled the siege operations.



World’s First Submarine Attack Launched

On this day, during the American Revolutionary War, Ezra Lee, an American colonial soldier, commanding the 'Turtle' submarine attempted to time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe’s flagship 'Eagle' in New York Harbor. It was the first use of a submarine in warfare.



France Invades Dominica In The British West Indies

On this day, the French army undertook a successful invasion of the island of Dominica in the West Indies, during the American War of Independence. This came as a surprise to the British authorities who were unaware of French involvement in the war, as an ally of the United States of America.



Battle Of Borodino

The Battle of Borodino took place this day. It was one of the most devastating battles of the Napoleonic wars and was fought between the French army and the Russians during the French invasion of Russia. The battle went a long way in reducing Napoleon’s power and also in reducing the size of his empire.



Mountain Meadows Massacre Takes Place

On this day in 1857, a series of savage attacks were launched on the Baker-Fancher wagon train around Mountain Meadows in Utah. A nearby militia undertook the attack and slaughtered everyone on the party which started from Arkansas and was headed towards California.



Atlanta Evacuated As Part Of The American Civil War

On this day in 1864, the famous union general, William T. Sherman, ordered the evacuation of the city of Atlanta. General Sherman was preparing for a march to the sea when he ordered the evacuation. He ordered the evacuation as he thought that feeding the Atlanta residents in addition to his army will be a big hassle.



Battle Of Boqueron Starts

On this day, the Battle of Boqueron started between the Bolivian and the Paraguyan armies. The battle was a major encounter in the Chaco War. The Bolivians had taken over the Boqueron outpost in 1932. The battle raged on for more than three weeks and finally resulted in the Bolivians surrendering.



German Bombing Of London Begin

On this day in 1940, the German bombers began the London Blitz as Hitler began a new approach to halt the British forces. Hitler’s aim was to dent the morale of the British population and hence force them to cave to his demands. The blitz continued for several months before ending in May the following year.



Battle Of Milne Bay Ends

The Battle of Milne Bay was a significant encounter during World War II when the Japanese suffered their first major land defeat, at the hands of the US and Australian forces, during World War II. The battle was important in that it ensured the Japanese did not establish a base in the eastern tip of New Guinea.



Operation Piranha Launched By The US Marines

On this day in 1965, the US Marines and South Vietnamese forces launched Operation Piranha, as part of a major event during the course of the Vietnam War on the Batangan Peninsula. The operation included a raid on the Vietnam Army 1st regiment, by the Allied forces which resulted in several Vietnamese casualties.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Fire Breaks Out In The Houston Gulf Hotel

On this day in 1943, a fire ravaged the Houston Gulf Hotel killing forty eight people. The building housing the hotel was one of the oldest one and had many wooden partitions and thus it got burnt quickly.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Athens Earthquake

On this day in 1999, a major earthquake rocked the city of Athens in Greece killing more than 500 people and leaving many thousands homeless. The earthquake was said to measure 5.9 on the Richter scale and came as a surprise as it hit what wasn’t an earthquake prone region.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Hurricane Ivan Hits Grenada

On this day a powerful hurricane, named Hurricane Ivan struck the Caribbean island of Grenada causing considerable damage. The hurricane killed 39 people and caused damage amounting to USD900 million and affected more than 80 per cent of the city.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Russian Plane With NHL Players Crash

A major plane crash occurred on this day in Russia in 2011, near the city of Yaroslavl which cost the lives of several veteran members of the National Hockey League. The air crash killed all but two of the 45 people who were aboard the aircraft and also raised some major concerns for air safety in Russia.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Earthquake In Yunnan

On this day in 2012, a series of earthquakes rocked the Yunnan region in China. The powerful quakes led to the deaths of 89 people and injured more than 800 others. The quakes measured 5.6 on the Richter Scale and greatly shook the people of this region.



First Game Of Rugby League Football Is Played

On this day in 1895, the first matches of what was to be known as Rugby League football, were played in England. 1895-96 became the first Northern Rugby Football Union Season and set the tone in enhancing the popularity of the sport in England.



Pro Football Hall Of Fame Opens

On this day in 1963, the pro football Hall of Fame opened its doors in Canton, Ohio. The Hall of Fame was set up to commemorate the scores of players who had played professional football in the Unites States over the years. The reason for choosing Canton as a location was because the American Professional Football Association was founded there.



Famous Jockey Bill Shoemaker Sets Record For The Most Number Of Victories

On this day in 1970, the great jockey, Bill Shoemaker, set the record for the most number of victories, when he scored his 6,033rd victory. Shoemaker broke the record of Johnny Longden and showed his greatness as a jockey, which slowly subsided over the coming years.



Mark Mcgwire Hits 62 Home Runs In A Season

On this day in 1998, Mark Mcgwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 62nd home run of the baseball season and shattered the record that had stood for several years. Mcgwire was playing against the Chicago Cubs when he set this record.


Literature & Entertainment

ESPN Debuts On Cable

The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, popularly known as ESPN, made its debut on cable TV on this day in 1979. The channel was founded by Bill Rasmussen and his son Scott Rasmussen. Today, the channel is one of the most popular sports entertainment channel on television.



City Of Boston Was Founded

Boston, one of the oldest cities in the United States, was founded on September 7, 1630 by Puritan settlers from England. The city played a key role in American revolution as it was witness to several key events such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston.



Unites States Nicknamed Uncle Sam

On this day in 1813, the United States of America got its famous nickname of “Uncle Sam”. The name was derived by a man named Samuel Wilson, who was a meat packer from the state of New York who supplied beef to the United States Army.



Ludwig Rehn Conducts First Successful Heart Surgery

On this day in 1896, Ludwig Rehn performed the first successful heart surgery on a stab victim who had been brought in by the police. This was a landmark day in the history of surgery and set the standard for surgery for years to come. The surgery was performed in a hospital in Frankfurt, Germany.



Electric Car Wins First Auto Race In The United States

The electric car built by the Riker Electric Motor Company won the first auto race held in the United States on this day in 1896. The auto race was sponsored by the large automobile companies who used the event to show their new makes of vehicles. The event was attended by thousands and proved to be a major success.



RMS Lusitania Sets Transatlantic Record

On this day in 1907, a major maritime record was set when the ship, RMS Lusitania departed on her debut voyage from Liverpool in England, and arrived in New York, five days later. In doing so, the Lusitania set a transatlantic record for the time taken in covering that distance across the Atlantic Ocean.



USA Mining Industry Unrest Hits A Crescendo

On this day in 1921, the continued unrest between the Mine Workers Unions and the Mine Owners reached a critical stage in the United States. The disagreement related to the tactics adopted by the unions to rake in new members and the attempts by the mine owners to prevent new union members from being admitted.



First Miss America Pageant Is Held In New Jersey

On this day in 1921, the first Miss America beauty pageant was held in Atlantic City in the US. The first pageant involved only eight contestants from the North Eastern states. Margaret Gorman from Washington DC went on to win the title and was crowned the first Miss America.



The Bank Of Latvia Is Established

The Constitutional Assembly of the country of Latvia established the Bank of Latvia on this day in 1922 in order to ensure the proper implementation of monetary policy in the Latvia. The Bank of Latvia subsequently became the central bank of the country and was also responsible for the issuance of currency in the nation.



Rapper Tupac Shakur Shot Dead

On this day in 1996, the famous rapper Tupac Shakur was shot dead by a shooter hidden amongst a convoy of cars. Tupac Shakur was shot dead in Las Vegas and he subsequently became a legend post his death. The exact background and the motive behind Tupac Shakur’s death still remains a mystery.



Jesse James And The James-Younger Gang Attempt Bank Robbery

On this day, the famous American gangster Jesse James, teamed up with the James-Younger gang and attempted to rob a town bank in Northfield, Minnesota. The robbery was thwarted by a group of the town’s citizens who chased off the gang with their guns.


Inventions & Discoveries

Philo Farnsworth Invents The First All-Electronic Television

On this day in 1927, Philo Farnsworth, an American inventor, invented the first all-electronic television set. He transmitted an image through the purely electronic means of a device called an ‘image dissector’.

People Born This Day

Buddy Holly
Singer-Songwriter & Pioneer in Mid 1950's Rock and Roll [ American ]
Evan Rachel Wood
Actress [ American ]
Anthony Quayle
Actor [ British ]
Abdurrahman Wahid
Former President of Indonesia [ Indonesian ]
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1905-08) [ British ]
Laura Ashley
Founder of 'Laura Ashley' Brand [ Welsh ]
Paul Brown
American Football Player [ American ]
Michael DeBakey
Cardiac Surgeon [ American ]
John Cornforth
Australian–British Chemist and Winner of 1975 Nobel Prize in Chemistry [ Australian ]
Abdou Diouf
Politician [ Senegalese ]
Elizabeth I of England
Queen of England [ British ]
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
French Mathematician, Cosmologist Encyclopédiste and One of the First Naturalists to Recognize Ecological Succession [ French ]
Thomas A. Hendricks
21st Vice President of the U.S.A. [ American ]
Rapper Known as the 'Godfather of Gangsta Rap' [ American ]
J. P. Morgan Jr.
American Finance Executive, Banker and Philanthropist [ American ]
Neerja Bhanot
Air Hostess for Hijacked Pan Am Flight 73 [ Indian ]
Elia Kazan
One of the Most Honored and Influential Directors in Broadway and Hollywood History [ American ]
Simon Edward Minter
British YouTube Gamer Known for His FIFA Commentaries [ British ]
Jacob Lawrence
Painter [ American ]
Giuseppe Zangara
Murderer [ Italian ]
Roy DeMeo
Italian-American Mobster in the Gambino Crime Family of New York City [ American ]
Marianna Palka
Actress [ Scottish ]
Rosie McClelland
Child actress, TV Personality [ British ]
Sophia Lucia
Dancer, Reality TV Star [ American ]
Leslie Jones
Stand-up Comedian [ American ]
Diane Farr
Actress [ American ]
Kurt Hugo Schneider
Video editor [ American ]
Angie Everhart
Actress, Model [ American ]
Oliver Hudson
Actor [ American ]
Carlos Lehder
Drug Lord [ Colombian ]
Shannon Elizabeth
Actress and Poker Player Best Known for Her Films: ‘American Pie’, ‘Scary Movie’, and ‘Love Actually’ [ American ]
Kento Yamazaki
Actor [ Japanese ]
Dannielynn Birkhead
Anna Nicole Smith’s Daughter [ American ]
Cameron Ocasio
Actor [ American ]
Ross Hornby
YouTube Gamer [ British ]
Chrissie Hynde
Musician and Lead Vocalist, Guitarist, and Primary Songwriter of the Rock Band ‘Pretenders’ [ American ]
Stanislav Petrov
Soviet Army Officer Who Played a Key Role in the 1983 Soviet Nuclear False Alarm Incident [ Russian ]
Nicholas Ireland
YouTube Star [ American ]
Peter Lawford
Actor and a Member of the 'Rat-Pack' Group of Entertainers [ British ]
Indio Falconer Downey
Actor [ American ]
Amit Bhadana
Indian YouTube Star [ Indian ]
Osiris Williams
American Rapper and Singer-Songwriter [ American ]
New Zealander YouTube Gamer [ New Zealander ]
Olive Oatman
White Girl Abducted By Native Americans [ American ]
Toby Jones
English Actor Best Known for His Performance in the Film ‘Infamous’ [ British ]
Ruth Righi
American Actress [ American ]
Corbin Bernsen
Actor and Director Best Known for His Roles in the TV Series ‘L.A. Law’ and ‘Psych’ [ American ]
Alyssa Diaz
Actress [ American ]
Ignacia Antonia
TikTok Star [ Chilean ]
Dean-Charles Chapman
Best Known for His Role as ‘Tommen Baratheon’ in the TV Series ‘Game of Thrones’ [ British ]
Daniel Inouye
Former United States Senator from Hawaii (1963 - 2012) [ American ]
Jonathan Majors
Best Known for His Role as ‘Atticus Freeman’ in the TV Series ‘Lovecraft Country’ [ American ]
TikTok Star [ American ]
Amy Lee Fisher
YouTuber [ British ]
TikTok Star [ American ]
Kai Kani
American TikToker [ American ]
Frivolous Fox
American YouTuber [ American ]
Mary Comeau
Canadian TikToker [ Canadian ]
Charlotte Dobre
Canadian YouTuber [ Canadian ]
Canadian YouTuber [ Canadian ]
Marielle Hadid
American Instagrammer [ American ]

People Died This Day

Alan John Percival Taylor
Historian [ British ]
John Greenleaf Whittier
Poet [ American ]
Keith Moon
Drummer [ British ]
Warren Zevon
American Rock Singer-Songwriter and Musician Best Known for His Album ‘Excitable Boy’ [ American ]
Everett Dirksen
Former U.S. Senator [ American ]
Edwin McMillan
Physicist [ American ]
Karen Blixen
Danish Writer Best Known for Her Works: 'Out of Africa' and 'Seven Gothic Tales' [ Danish ]
Cyrinda Foxe
Actress, Model [ American ]
Mac Miller
Rapper Known for His Debut Studio Album 'Blue Slide Park' [ American ]
Catherine Parr
Queen of England & Ireland [ British ]
William Bligh
Military Leader [ British ]
Mobutu Sese Seko
President of Zaire (1965 - 1997) [ Congolese ]
Bibi Besch
Best Known for Her Role in the Film ‘Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan’ [ American ]
Robert Earl Jones
Actor [ American ]
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