2nd September In History

Political events of immense historical importance abound the second day of September. The most significant being the signing of Instrument of Surrender by Japan, which brought an end to World War II in 1945. On this day the United States Treasury Department and the Fatherland Party in Germany were formed. Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh announced the independence of Vietnam from France; while in1960, the first democratically elected Tibetan parliamentarians were administered oath of office by the Dalai Lama. In America the National Defense Education Act was made into law in 1958 to meet the educational demands of national security. In an exemplary feat, 64-year-old long distance swimmer Diana Nyad from America became the first person to swim across the Strait of Florida from Cuba without a shark cage for protection. Setting a new benchmark, the first non-stop airplane flight from Europe to the United States was completed on this day in 1930 in the Question Mark plane. Quality education got a fillip when the University of Oslo was established in 1811and the Oberlin College in Ohio 22 years later. American playwright and Nobel laureate Eugene O’Neill’s play ‘The Iceman Cometh’ premiered on this very day at the Martin Beck Theater in Manhattan.




Treaty Of Jaffa Is Signed

The Treaty of Jaffa was signed between Richard I of England and the Muslim military and political leader Saladin on 2nd September 1192. The treaty gave Franks authority over the coast from Acre to Jaffa and also permitted access to Jerusalem to the pilgrims.



The City Of Castro Is Destroyed

The city of Castro in Italy was completely destroyed on 2nd September in 1649. The conflict broke out after Pope Innocent X wished to appoint a new Bishop in Castro without the assent of Duke of Parma. The duke’s men killed the bishop which resulted in the destruction of the city.



United States Treasury Department Is Set Up

On 2nd September 1789 the American Congress established the United States Treasury Department. The idea was conceived in 1775 when the need to fund the Revolutionary War was felt by American leaders.



September Massacres Take Place In Paris

On 2nd September 1792 Paris saw mass killing of prisoners, which came to be known as September Massacres and the First Terror of the French Revolution. The September massacres unfolded between 2–7 September 1792 in Paris and other cities. The massacres were an attempt by the people in Paris to suppress political prisoners who planned to support a counterrevolutionary plot.



Fatherland Party Is Formed In Germany

Germany’s militarist conservatives formed a new political party called the Vaterlandspartei or Fatherland Party on this day in 1917. This showed the control the army exercised over all spheres of German society during the First World War.



Vietnam Declares Its Independence

It was on this day in 1945 that Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh announced the independence of Vietnam from France. Immediately after the surrender of Japan to the allies, Ho Chi Minh declared independence of Vietnam.



Inter-American Treaty Of Reciprocal Assistance Is Adopted

The Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance was adopted at the Conference for Maintenance of Continental Peace and Security of the Organization of American States in Rio de Janeiro on 2nd September 1947. The treaty aimed at consolidating and strengthening ties between the nations of the Americas.



Republic Of Vietnam President Visits Australia

Ngo Dinh Diem began his Australia visit on 2 September 1957 during the height of the Cold War. The visit, which lasted till 9thSeptember, was an official visit by the first president of the Republic of Vietnam.



National Defense Education Act Is Signed

United States president Dwight D Eisenhover signed the National Defense Education Act (NDEA), making it law on 2nd September, 1958. The law gave funding to ramp up American schools and to promote postsecondary education so that the demands of national security are met.



First Tibetan Parliamentarians Take Oath Of Office

On 2nd September 1960, the first democratically elected Tibetan parliamentarians were given oath of office by the Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama also circulated a draft democratic constitution, which was taken up by the Assembly of Tibetan People’s Deputies for discussion.



Transnistria Declares Itself A Soviet Republic

On this day in 1990 Transnistria unilaterally declared itself a Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. The then Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev dismissed the move as null and void.



U.S Partners With Russia For International Space Station

In 1993, President Bill Clinton’s government announced that the United States and Russia will co-operate to build an international space station (ISS). The United States agreed to pay $400 million over four years for Russian space hardware and other services.



Roman Leader Octavian Wins Battle Of Actium

Roman leader Octavian defeated the army of Roman Mark Antony and Cleopatra, queen of Egypt in the Battle of Actium in 31BC. Antony and Cleopatra fled to Egypt before the last defeat and committed suicide the next year.



Naval Vessel Hannah Is Commissioned

On 2nd September 1775 General George Washington commissioned Nicolson Broughton to take charge of the naval vessel Hannah to attack British transports. The vessel was the first armed naval vessel of the American Revolution and is said to be the founding vessel of the American navy.



Lincoln Restores Union General George B. McClellan

In 1862, American president Abraham Lincoln reinstated Union General George B. McClellan to complete command after General John Pope failed at the Second Battle of Bull Run. McClellan combined Pope’s three corps of the Army of Virginia and several new regiments into the army of Potomac.



Atlanta Surrenders To Union Forces

Atlanta surrendered to Union forces on this day in 1864 after the Confederates suffered heavy losses while trying to protect the city. The Union forces won battles one after the other, which led to the conclusion of the Civil War.



The Price-Anderson Act Becomes A Law

The Price-Anderson Act became a law, as Section 170 of the Atomic Energy Act, after President Dwight D Eisenhower signed it on 2ndSeptember, 1957. The aim of the law was to remove hurdles for private sector participation in atomic energy and ensure availability of funds if a nuclear disaster occurred.



Battle Of Omdurman

The Battle of Omdurman was fought on 2nd September 1898 between Anglo-Egyptian forces and the army of Mahdist leader Abd Allah. The Anglo-Egyptian forces led by Major General Sir Herbert Kitchener won the battle and occupied the Sudanese territory that was being held by the Mahdists since 1881.



Nazi Germany Annexes The Free City Of Danzig

Nazi Germany captured the Free City of Danzig, Poland, on this day in 1939. A concentration camp was set up at Stutthof, where several prominent Danzing Jews were deported.



Japanese Attack George H. W. Bush And His Squadron

In 1944, former U.S president George Herbert Walker Bush and his squadron were attacked by Japanese anti-aircraft guns when he was posted as torpedo bomber pilot during World War II. Bush succeeded in releasing his bombs and saving his life even after his plane’s engine caught fire.



Japan Signs Instrument Of Surrender

Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signed the Instrument of Surrender to the Allied nations on September 2, 1945. The document was signed on the deck of the US battleship Missouri and it marked the end of the Second World War.



Nigerian Government Launches Operation OAU

The Nigerian Central Government forces began Operation OAU on 2nd September 1969 in order to seize the remaining Biafran cities. Though the Biafran forces were not very strong they managed to keep control over Umuahia and later recaptured Owerri and Aba cities.



47th North Vietnamese MiG Is Destroyed

U.S fighter-bombers attacked, Phuc Yen, one of the largest air bases in North Vietnam, and shot down a MiG aircraft on this day in 1972. In all, 47 MiG aircraft were shot down since the North Vietnamese attack began.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Landslide Shatters Swiss Village Goladu

Goldau, a village in Switzerland, was devastated by a landslide on 2nd September, 1806. It was one of the most terrible natural disasters in the Alps that took 457 lives.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Tokyo Faces Massive Fire After Earthquake

In 1923, Japan’s capital Tokyo witnessed a wild fire after a severe earthquake. Overall 143,000 people perished in the disaster but the fire caused more damage than the earthquake.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Labor Day Storm Strikes Florida Keys

The Labor Day storm with the strength of a category 5 hurricane hit Florida Keys on this day in 1935. The storm took 408 lives, which included 259 World War I veterans.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Nicaragua Is Hit By Earthquake

A Tsunami earthquake measuring 7 on the Richter scale hit Nicaragua on this day in 1992. The quake killed at least 116 people and caused damage worth over 20million U.S. dollars.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Swissair Flight 111 Crashes In The Atlantic Ocean

Swissair Flight 111 crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near Peggys Cove off Nova Scotia in 1998. All 229 people on board the flight, which was on its way to Geneva from New York, were killed.



Nyad Becomes The First To Swim Without A Shark Cage

On September 2 in 2013 swimmer Diana Nyad from the United States became the first person to swim across the Florida Straits from Cuba without a shark cage for protection. The 64-year-old Nayad achieved the swimming act in her fifth attempt in 35 years.


Literature & Entertainment

Play ‘The Iceman Cometh’ Opens

The play ‘The Iceman Cometh’ debuted at the Martin Beck Theater on 2nd September 1946. The drama was written by American playwright Eugene O’Neill who was the recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature.


Literature & Entertainment

Jackson Gets His 12th Number One Hit Song

In 1996, Michael Jackson gained his 12th number one hit song as a solo artist with ‘You Are Not Alone’ that featured at the top of the Billboard Hot 100. Mariah Carey is the only one artist to beat this record.



Great Fire Of London Breaks Out

The Great Fire of London erupted in the house of King Charles II’s baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge early in the morning of 2nd September 1666. The inferno took 16 lives and devastated more than four-fifths of London.



Great Britain Adopts Gregorian Calendar

Great Britain switched to the Gregorian calendar from the Julian calendar on 2nd September 1752. It was agreed upon that 2nd September 1752 will be followed by 14thSeptember 1752, causing the loss of 11 days.



The University Of Oslo Is Founded

The University of Oslo was established on 2nd September 1811as The Royal Frederick University after King Frederick of Denmark and Norway. It is the oldest, largest and most reputed university in Norway.



Oberlin College In Ohio Is Founded

The Oberlin College in Ohio was established on this day in 1833. Two Presbyterian ministers, John Jay Shipherd and Philo P. Stewart, were responsible for its foundation.



Solar Storm Affects Telegraph Service

A solar storm on 2ndSeptember 1859 caused magnetic disturbances that disrupted telegraph services badly in America. The telegraph operators were surprised to find that they could switch off the batteries and yet send messages using only the auroral current.



150 White Miners Kill 28 Chinese Co-workers

In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white minersattacked their Chinese colleagues and killed 28, injured 15 workers and drove many out of the town on this day in 1885. The miners, who were employees of the Union Pacific coal mine, were trying for years to form a union and demanding better working conditions.



Roosevelt Speaks His Famous Line

American vice president Theodore Roosevelt spoke the famous words “Speak Softly and Carry a Big Stick” during a speech at the Minnesota State Fair on September 2, 1901. Roosevelt became the 26th president of the United States after President William McKinley’s assassination.



Eldred Gets The First Eagle Scout Award

Arthur Rose Eldred received the first Eagle Scout rank on 2nd September, 1912. Eldred saved a fellow Scout from drowning a month before he was scheduled to receive the award.



Non-stop Flight From Europe To U.S Completes Its Journey

The first non-stop airplane flight from Europe to the United States completed its journey this day in 1930. Captain Dieudonne Coste and Maurice Bellonte of France took off from Paris and landed at Valley Stream, New York in their Question Mark plane.



United States Aircraft Is Shot Down By Soviet Forces

United States Air Force aircraft C-130A-II was shot down by Soviet Air Force over Yerevan, Armenia, after it entered Soviet Airspace on 2nd September 1958. All 17 crew members on board the airplane were killed in the attack.



Henry Ford II Unveils Falcon Car

In 1959, Henry Ford II launched its company’s new product- the 90-horsepower Falcon car. The car was termed as the “small car with the big car feel” and was an instant success.



First Half-Hour Weeknight News Program Is Broadcast

Walter Cronkite’s news became the first half-hour weeknight news program after its duration was increased to half an hour from 15 minutes on 2nd September 1963. Cronkite’s news on CBS surpassed NBC’s ‘Huntley-Brinkley Report’ in viewership.



ATM Makes Its Debut In The United States

The first automated teller machine (ATM) began its operation in America in 1969. The ATM was installed at the Chemical Bank in Rockville Center, New York.



NASA Cancels Apollo Missions 15 And 19

On 2nd September 1970, NASA announced the cancellation of Apollo missions15 and 19 at a press conference. It was decided that the redesignated Apollo 14-17 missions will be flown at a gap of six months in 1971 and 1972.



7 Die As Biking Gangs Engage In Gunfire

On 2nd September 1984, rivalry between two warring motorcycle gangs, Bandidos and Comancheros turned violent when 7 people were shot and killed, including one bystander. The incident took place in Milperra, Sydney, in which Comancheros lost 4 members while the Bandidos lost two of their brothers.



Sri Lankan Politicians Are Abducted And Killed

During the Sri Lankan civil war armed men kidnapped two ex-Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF) Member of Parliament, M. Alalasundaram and V. Dharmalingam on the night of 2nd September, 1985. The two politicians were killed and their bodies were found on a road junction the next day.



Trial Of Mathias Rust Begins In Moscow

The trial of German teenager Mathias Rust who flew into Red Square, Russia, in his Cessna plane in May 1987 started in Moscow on this day in 1987. Rust remained undetected as he flew in the Soviet airspace and landed near the Kremlin in Moscow.



Ex-Mayor Of Taba Found Guilty Of Genocide

The former mayor of Taba, Rwanda, Jean-Paul Akayesu was found guilty of nine charges of genocide and crimes against humanity on this day in 1998. Akayesu was penalized with three life terms plus 80 years.



Newsreader With Headscarf Appears On Egyptian State TV

For the first time on Egyptian state television a woman wearing a headscarf presented the news bulletin on 2nd September 2012. Woman presenters were barred from covering their hair under ex-president Hosni Mubarak’s tenure.

People Born This Day

Henry George
Economist, Politician, Writer [ American ]
Bill Shankly
Scottish Football Player and Manager [ Scottish ]
Keanu Reeves
Canadian Actor Known for His Films: 'Speed', 'Point Break' and 'The Matrix' Film Series [ Canadian ]
Salma Hayek
The First Mexican Actress to be Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress [ Mexican ]
Francis Hopkinson
Founding Father of the United States [ American ]
Alan K. Simpson
Former United States Senator [ American ]
Lennox Lewis
British-Canadian Former Professional Boxer and Three-Time World Heavyweight Champion [ Canadian ]
Mark Harmon
Actor Best Known for His Lead Role in the CBS TV Series 'NCIS' [ American ]
Jimmy Connors
American Former World No. 1 Tennis Player [ American ]
Terry Bradshaw
American Former Professional Football Player Who Played as a Quarterback [ American ]
Louis Bonaparte
Former King of Holland (1806 - 1810) [ French ]
Kirkpatrick Macmillan
Inventor of Pedal Bicycle [ Scottish ]
Wilhelm Ostwald
Chemist [ German ]
Ahmad Shah Massoud
Afghan Political Leader and Guerilla Commander Who Served as Minister of Defense of Afghanistan from 1992 to 2001 [ Afghan ]
Billy Preston
Musician & Songwriter [ American ]
Frederick Soddy
Radiochemist [ British ]
Hayley LeBlanc
YouTube Star [ American ]
Kian Lawley
YouTuber [ American ]
Alexander Povetkin
Retired Professional Boxer [ Russian ]
David Bale
Entrepreneur [ British ]
DJ & Record Producer Best Known for His Song 'Clarity' [ German ]
Romare Bearden
Artist [ American ]
Keir Starmer
Party leader of the Labour Party [ British ]
Charles Trippy
American Vlogger and Internet Personality [ American ]
Madilyn Bailey
Singer-songwriter [ American ]
Katt Williams
Stand-Up Comedian and Actor Known for His Role as ‘Money Mike’ in the Film ‘Friday After Next’ [ American ]
Natalie Jill
American Fitness Trainer and Nutritionist [ American ]
Chance Sutton
YouTube Star [ American ]
Sungha Jung
Guitarist [ South Korean ]
Gyasi Zardes
American Professional Soccer Player Who Plays as A Midfielder [ American ]
Yani Gellman
Actor [ Canadian ]
Cynthia Watros
Actress [ American ]
Queen of the Hawaiian Islands (1891-93) [ American ]
Justine Musk
Canadian Author Known for Her Novel 'Bloodangel' [ Canadian ]
Isabelle Ingham
British YouTube Star [ British ]
Nia Rader
Vlogger [ American ]
TwoSync Mat
British YouTube Gaming Star [ British ]
Du-Shaunt Stegall
Dancer, Actor [ American ]
YouTube Star [ American ]
Roman Serfaty
YouTube Star [ American ]
Thomas Petrou
YouTube Star [ American ]
Leah Ashe
YouTuber [ American ]
Amelia Warren Tyagi
American Businesswoman, Management Consultant and Co-Founded of the Placement Firm ‘Business Talent Group’ [ American ]
Romina Gafur
TikTok Star [ American ]
Allison Miller
Actress [ American ]
Merritt Patterson
Canadian Actress Known for Her Role as ‘Olivia Matheson’ in the TV Series ‘Ravenswood’ [ Canadian ]
Camille Grammer
Best Known As The Cast Of Real Housewives of Beverly Hills [ American ]
Derek Fowlds
Actor [ British ]
Ross Smith
TikTok Star [ American ]
Erika Titus
TikTok Star Who Posts Quirky Comedy Videos [ American ]
Ophelia Nichols
American TikToker [ American ]
Natalie Coppes
American Instagrammer [ American ]
Jackie Wyers
Canadian YouTuber [ Canadian ]
Nijhea Aniah
American TikToker [ American ]
Lee Simms
British YouTuber [ British ]
Liberty Poole
British Instagrammer [ British ]
Hader Malik
British TikToker [ British ]

People Died This Day

Ho Chi Minh
Former PM and President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam [ Vietnamese ]
Christiaan Barnard
Cardiac Surgeon [ South African ]
Sir William Rowan Hamilton
Irish Mathematician and Astronomer Who Contributed to the Development of ‘Optics’, ‘Classical Mechanics’ and ‘Abstract Algebra’ [ Irish ]
J. R. R. Tolkien
Author of 'The Hobbit' & 'The Lord of the Rings' [ British ]
Thomas Telford
Civil Engineer [ Scottish ]
Jože Javoršek
Slovenian Playwright and Writer Regarded as One of the Greatest Masters of Style and Language Among Slovene Authors [ Slovenian ]
Henry Lawson
Writer [ Australian ]
Barbara McClintock
Scientist [ American ]
George Reginald Starr
British 'Special Operations Executive' Agent in World War II [ British ]
Pierre de Coubertin
Father of the Modern Olympic Games [ French ]
George W. Norris
Former US Senator [ American ]
Alfonso García Robles
Diplomat [ Mexican ]
Enid Lyons
Politician [ Australian ]
Bernardino Rivadavia
First President of Argentina [ Argentinian ]
Ronald Coase
Economist [ British ]
Viktor Frankl
Psychiatrist [ Austrian ]
Bob Denver
Actor [ American ]
John Bowlby
Psychologist [ British ]
Peter Freuchen
Danish Arctic Explorer, Author, Journalist and Anthropologist Who is Known for His Role in Arctic Exploration [ Danish ]
Claire Wineland
American Activist, Author and Motivational Speaker [ American ]
Troy Donahue
Actor [ American ]
Jerry Heller
Businessman [ American ]
Alvin York
One of the Most Decorated United States Army Soldiers of World War I [ American ]
Kösem Sultan
Chief Consort and Legal Wife of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I [ Turkish ]
Back to Top