Political events of immense historical importance abound the second day of September. The most significant being the signing of Instrument of Surrender by Japan, which brought an end to World War II in 1945. On this day the United States Treasury Department and the Fatherland Party in Germany were formed. Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh announced the independence of Vietnam from France; while in1960, the first democratically elected Tibetan parliamentarians were administered oath of office by the Dalai Lama. In America the National Defense Education Act was made into law in 1958 to meet the educational demands of national security. In an exemplary feat, 64-year-old long distance swimmer Diana Nyad from America became the first person to swim across the Strait of Florida from Cuba without a shark cage for protection. Setting a new benchmark, the first non-stop airplane flight from Europe to the United States was completed on this day in 1930 in the Question Mark plane. Quality education got a fillip when the University of Oslo was established in 1811and the Oberlin College in Ohio 22 years later. American playwright and Nobel laureate Eugene O’Neill’s play ‘The Iceman Cometh’ premiered on this very day at the Martin Beck Theater in Manhattan.