29th July In History

July 29 is an immensely significant day in the history of sports, as it was on this day that Cuba’s Javier Sotomayor created a new world record in high jump by clearing the 8 feet mark. American athlete Carl Lewis won his fourth consecutive Olympic gold medal in the long jump on this very day. Other than this, in 1948 the first Summer Olympics were held after a gap of 12 years, because of World War II. Notable developments happened in the area of space exploration with the discovery of dwarf planet Eris and asteroid ‘15 Eunomia’. The first volume of the highly successful book ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’, penned by JRR Tolkien was published in the United Kingdom. On the political front, the United States and Japan signed ‘The Harris Treaty’ in 1858 and a referendum on abolishing the monarchy was held in Greece in the year 1973. To ensure the safe and peaceful use of nuclear energy the ‘International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)’ was established on this day. In a tragic incident, the lives of 134 service members were lost after a rocket fired accidentally on the U.S navy ship - the ‘USS Forrestal’.




Praetorian Guard Murders Roman Emperors

It was on 29th July 238 that Praetorian Guard, the military force of the Roman emperor, assassinated Roman co-emperors Pupienus and Balbinus. Pupienus was an acclaimed soldier who was chosen along with Balbinus to check Maximinus.



Pakal Ascends The Throne Of Palenque City

In 615, twelve-year-old K'inich Janaab Pakal became the king of Palenque, an ancient Mayan city-state, situated in Mexico. Pakal, also called Sun Shield, ruled for 68 years and is counted among the most famous Mayan kings.



Irish Revolt Against English Rule Is Thwarted

While Ireland was facing Potato Famine, a national revolt against the British rule was thwarted in the county of Tipperary, on 29th July, 1848. The revolt ended after Irish Nationalists or Young Irelanders led by William Smith O’Brien were overpowered and arrested.



U.S And Japan Ink Harris Treaty

The Harris Treaty was signed between the United States and Japan in 1858 after the first U.S. consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, struck the deal. According to the agreement, America got commercial and diplomatic privileges in Japan and 5 ports were opened for trade with the U.S.



The First Hague Convention Is Signed

On July 29, 1899, the First Hague Convention was signed at the international peace conference at Hague, situated in the Netherlands. The conference was held to form an agreement on the conduct of war, limitation of war and military forces.



King Umberto I Is Assassinated By Gaetano Bresci

It was on this day in 1900 that Italy’s King Umberto I was assassinated by Italian American Gaetano Bresci in Monza, Italy. Umberto I had become quite authoritative and tried to suppress radical groups in the country like the anarchist movements.



Hitler Becomes Leader Of Nazi Party

Former German chancellor Adolf Hitler became the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party or Nazi Party on 29 July 1921. The party came to power in 1933 and Hitler governed Germany using dictatorial methods till 1945.



Referendum On Monarchy Is Held In Greece

A referendum was held in Greece on July 29, 1973 to decide whether monarchy must be abolished or retained in which citizens voted in favor of abolishing the monarchy. After a civilian government was elected, a second referendum too opposed monarchy and Constantine, the King of Greece, had to accept the verdict.



The Treaty Of Canterbury Is Signed Between Britain And France

The Treaty of Canterbury was signed by the former British Premier Margaret Thatcher and the then President of France François Mitterrand on 29th July, 1987. The treaty listed the conditions for the building of the Channel Tunnel, also known as Eurotunnel.



The Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement Was Signed

Indian Prime Minister late Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lankan President J.R. Jayewardene signed the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement in Colombo on this day in 1987. The agreement did not bear any fruit, as India got involved in counter-insurgency war with the ‘Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)’ and the Sri Lankan president decided to send Indian soldiers back.



Byzantine Emperor Basil II Defeats Bulgarian Army

Byzantine emperor Basil II comprehensively defeated the Bulgarian army led by Tsar Samouil on 29th July, 1014 in the Battle of Kleidion. The battle was fought in the mountains of Belasitsa (Belles) and Ograzhden in Bulgaria.



English Navy Defeats ‘Invincible Armada’

The English naval army, led by Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake, defeated the Spanish fleet ‘Invincible Armada’, on 29th July, 1588. King Philip II of Spain sent the fleet to attack England, but the Spanish navy was forced to retreat.



French Vice-Admiral Contacts Continental Army

During the American Revolution, French Vice-Admiral Count d’Estaing approached the Continental Army, which wanted his help to recapture Rhode Island, on this day in 1778. The ships of d’Estaing were able to pass through the Straits of Gibraltar without difficulty because the British failed to gauge the situation.



Confederate Spy Belle Is Held By Union Forces

Marie Isabella ‘Belle’ Boyd who spied for the Confederates during the Civil War was arrested by the Union troops on 29th July, 1862. The Confederates were able to defeat General Nathaniel Banks’ forces at the Battle of Winchester because Boyd provided important information about the battle to General Thomas .J. ‘Stonewall’ Jackson.



‘101st Airborne Division’ Lands In Vietnam

During the Vietnam War, the first batch of 4000 paratroopers of the ‘101st Airborne Division’ arrived at the Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam, in 1965. The ‘101st Airborne Division’, part of the U.S army, conducted operations during the Normandy invasion and in Netherlands.



U.S. Attorney General’s Trip To North Vietnam

To look into the U.S war crimes in Indo-china, former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark visited North Vietnam on 29th July, 1972. An ‘International Commission of Inquiry’ was formed to probe the alleged bombing of civilian places in North Vietnam during the Vietnam War.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Earthquake Hits Venezuelan City

A powerful earthquake, measuring 6.6 on the Richter scale, shook the capital city of Caracas in Venezuela in 1967. The earthquake’s epicenter was located in the Caribbean Sea and it caused the death of 245 people and wounded 2000 others.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Accidental Rocket Launch Kills 134 On The U.S Navy Ship

On 29th July 1967, a lethal fire broke out on the U.S navy ship - the ‘USS Forrestal’, when a rocket from the ship’s arsenal was launched accidentally. The ship was anchored near the coast of Vietnam and 134 service members died in the accident.


Disasters & Natural Calamities

Two Passenger Trains Collide In Switzerland

It was on this day in 2013 that two passenger trains collided with each other at the Granges-près-Marnand in Switzerland. Of the 40 passengers in total, at least 35 people were grievously injured in the accident.



Football Club Valerenga Fotball Is Founded

It was on 29th July, 1913 that the football club ‘Valerenga Fotball’ came into existence in Norway’s capital, Oslo. The club gets its name from the neighborhood of Valerenga and belongs to the multi-sport club ‘Valerengens IF’.



Summer Olympics Held After 12 Years

In 1948, the first Summer Olympics since the 1936 games were organized, after a gap of 12 years because of the World War II. The opening ceremony of the games was held at Wembley Stadium in London and these games were the first to be broadcast on television.



Sotomayor Sets World Record With 8ft High Jump

Cuba’s Javier Sotomayor became the first high jumper to clear the 8 feet mark and set a new world record on 29th July, 1989. Sotomayor achieved this feat in the Central American and Caribbean Championships held in San Juan.



Carl Lewis Wins Fourth Consecutive Olympic Gold Medal

It was on this day in 1996 that American track and field athlete Frederick Carlton Lewis, popularly known as Carl Lewis, won his fourth consecutive Olympic gold medal in the long jump. Overall, Lewis won nine Olympic gold medals and the medal for long jump was the last gold medal of his career.



Iraq Lifts The Asian Cup Football Title

The Iraqi football team defeated Saudi Arabia with a 1-0 score to clinch the 2007 AFC Asian Cup soccer title on this day in 2007. The match was held at the Gelora Bung Karno stadium in Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia.


Literature & Entertainment

BBC Begins ‘Light Programme’ On Radio

The ‘British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)’ began the ‘Light Programmme’ on radio on this day, back in 1945. The programme offered entertainment and comedy for civilian listeners and was aired in place of the General Forces Program.


Literature & Entertainment

The First Volume Of Novel The Fellowship Of The Ring’ Gets Published

It was on July 29, 1954 that the first volume of English author JRR Tolkien’s classic novel ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’ was published in the United Kingdom. The novel revolves around a ring made by the dark lord Sauron, which he has lost and wants to regain to possess special powers. However, a hobbit takes a journey to destroy the ring so that Sauron is unable to ruin Earth.


Literature & Entertainment

Jack Paar Becomes ‘Tonight’ Show Host

Former game show host Jack Paar began hosting the American talk show ‘Tonight’ on this day in 1957. Paar’s one liner ‘I kid you not’ became a popular catchphrase and his presence alone increased the ratings of his show from 2.6, during its early days, to an impressive six, later.


Literature & Entertainment

Christian Groups Protest Against Beatles Band

In 1966, fundamentalist Christian groups protested and asked followers to burn the renowned band Beatles’ albums and merchandise to protest against musician John Lennon’s statement that they were more popular than Jesus. The protest took place after U.S. teen magazine ‘Datebook’ reprinted Lennon’s comment in its August issue, which was put up on the stands on July 29.


Literature & Entertainment

‘The Doors’ Get Their First Hit Song

It was on this day in 1967 that band ‘The Doors’ made waves for their first number one hit, after their song ‘Light My Fire’ topped the Billboard chart. The members of this immensely popular band were Ray Manzarek, Robby Krieger and John Densmore.


Literature & Entertainment

Brad Pitt And Jennifer Aniston Get Married

Hollywood stars Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston tied the knot at Malibu, California on 29th July, 2000. The high-profile wedding took place amid tight security and about a whopping $1 million was spent on the event.



Arc De Triomphe Is Opened In Paris

The ‘Arc de Triomphe’ was inaugurated on July 29, 1836 in Paris, France. Napoleon I ordered the construction of the monument to commemorate the victories of the French armies.



Asteroid ‘15 Eunomia’ Was Discovered

Italian astronomer Annibale de Gasparis found an oval shaped asteroid named ‘15 Eunomia’, on this day in 1851. Asteroids are also known as minor planets which move around the Sun and are present in the asteroid belt between planets Mars and Jupiter.



‘General Motors’ Acquires ‘Cadillac Automobile Company’

The ‘General Motors Corporation’ (GM) bought the ‘Cadillac Automobile Company’ for $4.5 million, in the year 1909. The ‘Cadillac Car Company’, named after the French explorer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe Cadillac, was set up in 1902 and introduced the electric lighting system in the 1912 Cadillac model.



Russian Czar Sends Telegrams To Cousin

Several telegrams about the war that broke out in the Balkan region were exchanged between the monarch Czar Nicholas II of Russia and his first cousin Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany on 29th July, 1914. A month after Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated by a Serbian nationalist, Austria and Hungary declared war on Serbia.



Cape Cod Canal Begins Operation

The Cape Cod Canal, an artificial waterway, was opened on this day in 1914 at Massachusetts, U.S.A. The canal, whose construction was started by the New York based financier August Belmont, decreased the distance between New York City and Boston.



Construction Work Of Link River Dam Begins

On 29th July 1920, the construction work on the Link River Dam, started at the Klamath Lake in Oregon, U.S. The Link River Dam is used to store and release water from the Upper Klamath Lake.



‘International Atomic Energy Agency’ Is Established

The Statute of the ‘International Atomic Energy Agency’ (IAEA) came into force on 29th July, 1957, leading to the formation of the ‘IAEA’. The ‘IAEA’ is an autonomous body and it won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2005.



U.S Congress Passes NASA’s Legislation

A legislation to form the ‘National Aeronautics and Space Administration’ (NASA) was passed by the U.S Congress and former American President Dwight Eisenhower signed the act to enforce it in 1958. ‘NASA’ is an organization that works in the areas of space exploration, launch of satellites, gathering information about the atmosphere and the solar system and many others.



Pope Paul VI Approves Ban On Contraceptive Use

In 1968, Pope Paul VI reaffirmed the ban on the use of contraceptives by Roman Catholics, even though the Church commission recommended otherwise. The commission was of the view that the ban should be lifted since more women were being emancipated and safe contraceptives were available.



Roger Williamson Killed After Car Crash

British car race driver Roger Williamson was killed when his car crashed, possibly due to a tire burst, on 29th July, 1973, during the Dutch Grand Prix held in Netherlands. Williamson had won two British Formula Three championships in 1971 and 1972.



Son Of Sam Kills His First Victim

Serial Killer ‘Son of Sam’ killed his first victim Donna Lauria and wounded Jody Valenti, when they were seated in a car on 29th July, 1976. Son of Sam’s real name is David Berkowitz, who killed six people and injured seven others between 1976 and 1977 in New York City.



Iran Adopts Its Flag

It was on this day in 1980 that the Islamic Republic of Iran officially approved its flag after the Islamic Revolution. The flag has green, red, and white horizontal stripes with a red emblem in the middle.



Prince Charles Marries Lady Diana

Prince Charles, the successor to the British throne, married a school teacher, the late Lady Diana Spencer at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London on 29th July, 1981. The wedding was attended by 3500 guests and an unprecedented 750 million television viewers across the world watched the proceedings on TV, making it one of the highest viewed events.



‘NASA’ Launches Space Shuttle Mission ‘STS-51F Challenger’

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Space Shuttle Mission ‘STS-51F Challenger’, was launched on this day in 1985. The mission was aimed to ascertain the performance of the Spacelab systems with the orbiter and to measure the environment generated by the vehicle in space



Israeli Court Acquits Demjanjuk

On 29th July 1993, John Demjanjuk, who was accused of being a Nazi death camp guard, was finally freed by the Israeli Supreme Court. The court overturned the decision because of reasonable doubts over the fact that Demjanjuk operated a gas chamber at the Treblinka death camp, in Poland, during the Nazi occupation.



Minamata Bay Declared Mercury Free

After 40 years of contamination because of industrial pollution, the Minamata Bay in Japan was declared free of mercury poisoning on 29th July, 1997. The consumption of contaminated fish from the Bay caused brain damage, loss of sight and other ailments in a large number of people.



The Discovery Of ‘Eris’ Was Made Public

It was on this day in 2005 that the discovery of the dwarf planet, Eris, which is apparently larger than Pluto, was revealed to the world. The dwarf planet was found by American astronomers Michael Brown, Chad Trujillo and David Rabinowitz.



The Declaration On LGBT Human Rights Is Adopted

The Declaration of Montreal was adopted at the International Conference on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) in Montreal, Canada, in 2006. The declaration contains the rights and freedom proposed to be granted to the LGBT community universally.



American President Approves Execution Of Soldier

It was on 29th July, 2008, that former American President George W. Bush allowed the execution of an American soldier in over fifty years. The marine, Private Ronald Gray, was a serial killer who committed four murders and eight rapes in Fayetteville, North Carolina, area in U.S.



Debris Of ‘Malaysia Airlines’ Flight MH 370 Found

It was on 29th July 2015 that the debris, believed to be that of the ‘Boeing 777’ aircraft of ‘Malaysia Airlines’ was found on France's Reunion Island. The aircraft was on its way to Beijing in March 2014, when it went missing and all 239 passengers and crew on board were presumed to be dead.

People Born This Day

Alexis de Tocqueville
Historian Known for His Works 'Democracy in America' & 'The Old Regime' & 'The Revolution' [ French ]
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Italy and Principal Founder of Fascism Who Was Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943. [ Italian ]
Diana Vreeland
Magazine editor, fashion journalist and special consultant [ American ]
Don Marquis
Humorist [ American ]
Geddy Lee
Lead Vocalist, Bassist and Keyboardist for the Canadian Rock Group 'Rush' [ Canadian ]
Paul Taylor
One of the foremost American choreographers of the 20th century [ American ]
Ken Burns
Documentary Filmmaker [ American ]
Clara Bow
American Actress Who was a Big Star During Silent Era of the 1920s [ American ]
Dag Hammarskjöld
Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1953 to 1961 [ Swedish ]
J. R. D. Tata
Indian Industrialist and Chairman of the ‘Tata Group’ [ Indian ]
Sigmund Romberg
Composer [ American ]
Anna Bessonova
Former Ukrainian Rhythmic Gymnast Who Was One of the Most Decorated Rhythmic Gymnasts of Her Generation [ Ukrainian ]
Li Ka-shing
Hong Kong Business Magnate and One of the Most Influential Entrepreneurs in Asia [ Hong Konger ]
Isidor Isaac Rabi
Physicist [ American ]
Daniel McFadden
Econometrician [ American ]
Eva Gutowski
YouTuber, vlogger [ American ]
Peter Jennings
One of the Most Prominent Television Journalists and the Anchor of 'ABC World News Tonight’ [ Canadian ]
Giles Coren
Food Writer [ British ]
Lou Albano
Italian-American Professional Wrestler [ American ]
Rochus Misch
Hitler's Bodyguard [ German ]
Austin Chick
Director [ American ]
Henri Fayol
Industrialist, Management Thinker [ French ]
Joey Essex
Television Personality [ British ]
Amy Lee33
British YouTuber, Gamer, and Vlogger [ British ]
Wil Wheaton
Actor [ American ]
Cameron Dolan
Instagram Star [ American ]
Jake Smollett
Actor [ American ]
Shin Se-kyung
Actress [ South Korean ]
Ato Essandoh
Actor [ American ]
Jo In-sung
Actor [ South Korean ]
Emma Rhys-Jones
Fiancée of Welsh Professional Footballer Gareth Bale [ Welsh ]
Wanya Morris
Singer [ American ]
Patti Scialfa
Rock Singer-Songwriter & Member of the Rock Band 'E Street Band' [ American ]
Leslie Easterbrook
Actress and singer [ American ]
Stan Kroenke
American Billionaire Businessman and the Owner of 'Kroenke Sports & Entertainment' [ American ]
Black Dahlia
Murder Victim [ American ]
Oliver Peck
American Tattoo Artist, Restaurateur and Reality TV Personality Known for His TV Show ‘Ink Master’ [ American ]
Fernando Alonso
Spanish F1 Driver [ Spanish ]
Allison Mack
Actress [ American ]
Josh Radnor
Actor [ American ]
Clement Vallandigham
Politician [ American ]
Owen Bodnar
TikTok (Musical.ly) Star [ American ]
Kade Speiser
Instagram Star [ American ]
Michael Holt
American YouTuber Known for His Gaming Channel ‘GAMINGwithMOLT’ [ American ]
Dae Dae
Rapper [ American ]
Amanda Faye
YouTube Star [ American ]
Paulina Goto
Actress [ Mexican ]
Dak Prescott
American Football Quarterback [ American ]
Evan Edinger
YouTuber [ American ]
Olivia Rouyre
Belgian Social Media Personality and YouTube Star [ Belgian ]
Stephen Dorff
Actor [ American ]
Alexandra Paul
Actress, Activist and Health Coach Known for Her Role as ‘Lt. Stephanie Holden’ in the TV Series ‘Baywatch’ [ American ]
Dennis Cleveland Stewart
Actor [ American ]
Olivia Olivarez
TikTok Star [ American ]
Tony Sirico
Best Known for His Role in the TV Series 'The Sopranos' [ American ]
Genesis Rodriguez
Actress & Model [ American ]
Thelma Todd
Actress [ American ]
Elizabeth Dole
Former United States senator [ American ]
Danger Mouse
Musician [ American ]
Radha Ravi
Indian Actor and Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly [ Indian ]
Nicole Thea
English YouTube Star [ British ]
Zealand LaBrant
YouTube Star [ American ]
Andre Nguyen
American Instagrammer [ American ]
Kacey Laine
American YouTuber [ American ]
Hello Langie
American YouTuber [ American ]
Sadie Aldis
Canadian YouTuber [ Canadian ]
Canadian TikToker [ Canadian ]
British YouTuber [ British ]
Lil TerRio
American Instagrammer [ American ]
Mikeila J
American TikToker [ American ]

People Died This Day

Robert Schumann
One of the Greatest Composer of the Romantic Era which include 'Carnaval, Symphonic Studies and Kinderszenen' [ German ]
René Gerónimo Favaloro
Cardiovascular Surgeon [ Argentinian ]
Vincent van Gogh
One of the Most Famous and Influential Artists of All Time [ Dutch ]
William Wilberforce
Abolitionist [ British ]
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Educator & Social Reformer He is Considered the "Father of Bengali prose" [ Indian ]
Aruna Asaf Ali
Indian Independence Activist, Educator [ Indian ]
Dorothy Hodgkin
Biochemist [ British ]
Jerome Robbins
Dance Choreographer [ American ]
David Niven
Actor [ British ]
Ronald Fisher
Statistician [ British ]
Cass Elliot
American Singer Who was a Member of the Folk-Rock Band 'The Mamas & the Papas' [ American ]
Robert Moses
49th Secretary of State of New York (1927 - 1929) [ American ]
Umberto I of Italy
King of Italy (1878 - 1900) [ Italian ]
Mickey Cohen
American Gangster [ American ]
Herbert Marcuse
Philosopher and Sociologist His Best-Known Works are "Eros and Civilization" (1955) and "One-Dimensional Man." [ German ]
Pope Urban II
Head of the Catholic Church and Ruler of the Papal States from 1088 to 1099 [ Italian ]
Grant Thompson
Internet Celebrity, Best Known for His YouTube Channel ‘The King of Random’ [ Canadian ]
Buck Barrow
Gangster [ American ]
Gayatri Devi
Third Maharani Consort of Jaipur [ Indian ]
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