9th April In History

Barring anniversaries, birthdays or festivals, most of us feel other dates of the calendar have almost no importance. However if we glance through the history books, we will realize that this claim of ours is wrong. The 9th of April, is one such day, filled with tales of glory and sorrow. A deep insight of the historic events which occurred on April 9 also reveal stories which are quite inspirational. It was on this day, that famous monarchs like Septimius Severus were crowned and treaties to end wars were signed. Several sources reveal that several significant events related to the fields of literature, entertainment, sports and so on have occurred on the 9th of April and have impacted our present life to a huge extent. 9th April is also remembered as the day when several famous people were born. Two such eminent personalities are actress Kristen Stewart and Hugh Hefner, the founder of the famous adult magazine ‘Playboy’. So read on and enjoy the trip back to the 9th of April and understand the importance of this glorious day in the world history.


HISTORICAL EVENTS ON 9th April



193

Politics

Septimius Severus Is Proclaimed As The Emperor

The year 193, known as the ‘Year of Five Emperors’, was an eventful one for the Romans. The Roman Emperor Pertinax was assassinated by his bodyguard, at the start of the year and was soon succeeded by Didius Julianus. However, on 9th April of this year Pertinax’s friend, Septimius Severus, went on to kill Didius to become the emperor.


475

Politics

Basiliscus Issued A Circular Letter To The Bishops

Emperor Basiliscus issued a circular on this day in 475 commanding the acceptance of the Monophysitism theory, which spoke about the divine nature of Jesus Christ. This circular was signed by several bishops as a show of solidarity.


1413

Politics

Henry V Is Crowned King Of England

With the demise of Henry IV on 20 March 1413, it was evident that Henry V will be the next successor. On 09th April, the same year, Henry V was crowned the supreme ruler of Britain. On the day of the crowning, the place was affected by a blizzard, leading to superstitious speculations amongst the English subjects about their new ruler. While a few debated that it was a sign indicating prosperity, others feared destitution under their new king.


1440

Politics

Christopher Of Bavaria Declared As The King Of Denmark

Christopher of Bavaria succeeded his uncle, Eric of Pomerania and was crowned the King of Denmark on this day in 1440. It was a decision taken by the ‘Danish State Council’ and Christopher ruled for a period of 8 years, until 5 January 1448.


1454

Politics

Treaty Of Lodi Signed

The long ongoing war between Milan and Venice ceased on this day in 1454, thanks to the ‘Treaty of Lodi’. This agreement laid out a boundary along the River Adda, and asserted the right of Francesco Sforza to be the Duke of Milan.


1609

Politics

Treaty Of Antwerp

The ‘Eighty Years War’ for the Dutch Independence, ceased on 9th April, when the ‘Treaty of Antwerp’ was signed by Spain and Netherlands, the two nations at conflict.


1909

Politics

Payne–Aldrich Tariff Act Passed

The ‘Payne–Aldrich Tariff Act’ declared that goods coming in to the United States should be taxed. It was proposed by Representative Sereno E. Payne and Senator Nelson W. Aldrich. Even though this bill caused a commotion and was opposed by Republican reformists, who wanted lower tariffs, it was passed by the Congress on 9th April, 1909.


1918

Politics

Union Of Bessarabia With Romania

On April 9, 1918, the National council of Bessarabia announced its inclusion in the Kingdom of Romania. So keen was the council on this unification that the procedure of voting before making such an important decision was ignored.


1940

Politics

Vidkun Quisling Seizes Power In Norway

Vidkun Quisling was an ambitious Norwegian politician and first came to be known for his relief work during the Russian food crisis in 1921. During the German attack on Norway, on 9th April,1940, he forcibly declared himself the country’s supreme leader through a radio broadcast, which failed, as the Germans did not accept his government.


1948

Politics

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán Assassinated

It was on this day in 1948 that a renowned Colombian leader, Jorge Eliécer Gaitan, was killed by a miscreant for unknown reasons. It was widely believed that Gaitan would succeed the president of Columbia back then. His death infuriated the public to such an extent that they went on a rampage, which resulted in a massive loss to property and life.


1960

Politics

Hendrik Verwoerd Assassination Attempt

It was on this day in 1960 that a British farmer and businessman, David Pratt, attempted to murder Hendrik Verwoerd, the then Prime Minister of South Africa. Hendrik was shot on his head, but miraculously the attack did no substantial harm to the leader.


1975

Politics

People's Revolutionary Party’s ‘Second Incident’ Killed 8

Remembered as the ‘Committee for Re-establishment of the People's Revolutionary Party (PRP) Incident’, this unfortunate event took place on 9th April, 1975 horrific day. This event induced a lot of anger among the general masses against the then South Korean dictator, Park Chung-Hee. In an attempt to silence the raising intolerance among people, he arrested 1024 people and got 8 men killed on this day.


1980

Politics

Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr Murdered By Saddam Hussain

A renowned philosopher and the founder of the ‘Islamic Dawa Party’, Muhammad Baqir al-Sadrand and his sister were murdered by the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussain on 9th April, 1980. It is believed that the scholar comes from the family of Muhammad, the founder of Islam.


1991

Politics

Georgia Declares Independence From The Soviet Union

It was on this day in 1991, that Georgia announced its freedom and elected Zviad Gamsakhurdia as its President. However, his presidency was short lived and he was over thrown by a coup, which ended on 6th January, 1992.


1999

Politics

President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara Killed In The Nigerien Coup D'état

The 1999 Nigerian coup d'état claimed the life of the then president Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, on 9th April. Though it was suspected that one of his guards was the mastermind behind this heinous crime, there is no substantial evidence to back this claim.


2009

Politics

Mass Rally In Georgia Against The Government

The 9th of April, 2009, saw a phenomenal unity among the residents of Tbilisi, Georgia, when they revolted against the then President Mikheil Saakashvili for a good 3 months. A whopping 60,000 people gathered to protest on the 1st day of the demonstration forcing Mikheil to put down his papers.


1241

Wars

Battle Of Legnica

It was on this day of 1241 that the Mongol Army clashed with the European troops at Legnickie Pole, in Silesia territory of Poland. This war, known as the ‘Battle of Legnica’, ended with the Mongols emerging victorious.


1388

Wars

Battle Of Näfels

The ‘Battle of Nafels’ was fought on April 9, 1388, between the troops of Glarus and Habsburg. The outcome, surprisingly, was a Swiss victory, despite the army of their opponents being much larger.


1782

Wars

Battle Of The Saintes

The ‘Battle Of The Saintes’ was a revolt between the French and the British navy, which occurred at the Saint Islands in the West Indies. It was on this day in 1782 that the conflict began and it lasted for about four days, resulting in the British overpowering the French.


1916

Wars

Battle Of Verdun

The ‘Battle of Verdun’ was fought around the town of Verdun in North East France, between the Germans and the French during 1916. The French put up a stiff resistance against their opponents. However, on April 9th, the Germans attacked Verdun again, which led to a strong retaliation by the French forces.


1917

Wars

Battle Of Vimy Ridge

The ‘Battle of Vimy Ridge’, fought between the Canadian forces and the Germans, was an important event, during World War I. This battle commenced on this day and lasted four days, with the German forces being routed by the Canadians.


1917

Wars

Battle Of Arras

During World War I, the British force, comprising of troops from Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, Newfoundland and Australia, battled against the Germans near the city of Arras. This combat, known as the ‘Battle of Arras’, which started on this day in 1917, resulted in many casualties. While the British lost 160,000 men, 125,000 Germans were victims of this conflict.


1918

Wars

Battle Of Lys Begins

The ‘Battle of Lys’ was a German offensive which started on this day in 1918, against the Allied forces stationed at Flanders, Belgium. The Germans had hoped to foil the plans of the Allied forces, but failed to achieve its aim and this battle was called off on 28th April, 1918.


1940

Wars

German Invasion Of Denmark

The battle between the German troops and the Danish army ended when the German army successfully conquered the Denmark region on the 9th of April, 1940. A recently released movie, titled ‘9. April’, was based on this invasion of Denmark by the German forces.


1942

Wars

Battle Of Bataan

The ‘Battle of Bataan’ commenced on 7th Jan 1942 between the Japanese and the combined forces of America and Philippines, on the Bataan Peninsula, located in Philippines. Even though supplies were short, the American–Filipino forces fought tooth and nail, yet they surrendered to the Japanese, in a matter of 3 months, on April 9th, 1942.


1945

Wars

Battle Of Königsberg

The ‘Battle of Konigsberg’ was fought towards the end of World War II, for the city of Konigsberg, located in Russia, which was held by Germans. The Soviet forces cordoned the city in January 1945, but the Germans held on and it was only on 9th April, the same year that the Germans forces manage to barge in after a 3-month long wait.


1948

Wars

Deir Yassin Massacre

107 men, women and children were slaughtered on this day in 1948, at Deir Yassin, a village near Jerusalem, by the Jewish forces. The villagers resisted the attack, but managed to kill only 4 members of the assaulting force.


1989

Wars

April 9 Tragedy

The Tragedy of April 9th occurred in 1989, when the Soviet troops attacked and killed 20 Georgian students and wounded many. The students were peacefully protesting against the Soviet rule in Tbilisi, Georgia, when the Russian soldiers attacked them.


1999

Wars

Battle Of Košare

The Battle of Kosare was fought between the Yugoslav Army and the ‘Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)’ on 9th April 1999. ‘KLA’ was backed by the military organization, ‘NATO’ during this war that ended on 10th June 1999.


1947

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Glazier–Higgins–Woodward Tornadoes

Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas were scarred by horrific tornadoes on the 9th of April, 1947. About 181 people died and approximately 980 were injured during this disaster.


1947

Disasters & Natural Calamities

A Heavy Tornado Hits Oklahoma Town

Believed to be one of the worst tornados to have ever hit Oklahoma, this natural calamity occurred on this day of 1947. This disaster, along with a series of 6 twisters, claimed the lives of more than 100 people.


2013

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Bushehr Earthquake

Iran was traumatized on 9th April when the Bushehr earthquake which measured 6.3 on the Richter scale rocked the place. This disaster killed took the lives of about 37 people and injured around 850.


1912

Sports

Fenway Park Hosted Its First Game

Fenway Park, which is the most renowned baseball stadiums in Boston, held its first game on this day in 1912. The first match was played between ‘Red Sox’ and the highly reputed ‘Harvard University’.


1945

Sports

Socks Was Made A Mandatory Part Of The Football Uniform

The ‘National Football League’ announced on this day that socks were now a mandatory part of the uniform for all football players. Ever since then, no game has been played without this garment.


1965

Sports

First Indoor Baseball Game Played

On April 9, 1965, the first indoor baseball game in the history of the sport, was played between the ‘New York Yankees’ and ‘Houston Astros’. This game was the inaugural match played at the Astrodome stadium in U.S.A, one of the most iconic venues.


1975

Sports

Philippine Basketball Association Played Its First Game

Recognized as the second oldest basketball league, the ‘Philippine Basketball Association’ gained worldwide popularity after its first ever game was played on 9th April 1975. The first game was held at the ‘Smart Araneta Coliseum’ stadium, located in Philippines.


1914

Literature & Entertainment

The World’s First Colored Film Releases In London

‘The World, the Flesh and the Devil’, claimed to be the world’s first colored movie was screened in the United Kingdom on the 9th of April, 1914. Remembered as one of the greatest ‘lost’ films ever, this is the first film to be completed using the Kinemacolor method.


1939

Literature & Entertainment

Marian Anderson Sings On The Steps Of The Lincoln Memorial

Remembered as one of the most historical occasions of the 20th century in the field of music, Marian Anderson sang on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington. After singing in front of a crowd of about 75,000 people, she wrote, "I could not run away from this situation. If I had anything to offer, I would have to do so now".


1962

Literature & Entertainment

34th Academy Awards Held

The ‘34th Academy Awards’ which was held in Santa Monica, California on this day proved to be extremely lucky for Sophia Loren, the renowned actress of Italian descent. She became the first entertainer to win an Oscar for a character in a Latin movie titled ‘La ciociara’ (Two women).


1965

Literature & Entertainment

‘Peanuts’ Featured On The Cover Of TIME Magazine

‘Peanuts’ is one of the most popular American comic strips, which gained a lot of popularity amongst people worldwide. On this momentous day of 1965, the renowned magazine ‘Time’ had the characters of ‘Peanuts’ on its cover addressing it as, a comic strip is a breath of fresh air in a monotonous life.


2000

Literature & Entertainment

CBS-TV Aired ‘Fail Safe’

‘Fail Safe’ was a play that was aired by the television channel ‘CBS’ on this day in 2000. The show was based on a 1964 film of the same name.


1860

Trivia

Scott De Martinville Makes The Oldest Known Recording Of A Human Voice

According to a renowned Newspaper, ‘The New York Times’, the first recording of a human voice was made on this day in 1860 on a Phonautograph. The track recorded was the famous ‘Au Clair de la lune’.


1881

Trivia

Billy The Kid Convicted Of Murder

It was on this day that Billy the kid was charged on the account of murdering William J. Brady, the Sheriff of Lincoln County. Billy’s reason to murder Brady was basically an act of revenge since the latter had killed Billy’s Chief, John Tunstall.


1959

Trivia

‘NASA’ Announced ‘Mercury Seven’

It was on this day that ‘NASA’ announced the names of the first seven astronauts from U.S who would be a part of the prestigious ‘Project Mercury’. These seven privileged men were also addressed as the ‘Original Seven’ or ‘Astronaut Group 1’.


1961

Trivia

The Interurban Of ‘Pacific Electric’ Ends Operation

This electric railway of the ‘Pacific Electric’ ran for about a whopping 58 years and stopped on 9th April, 1961. It was replaced by the ‘Motor Coach 36f’.


1967

Trivia

‘Boeing 737’ Takes Off For The First Time

‘Boeing 737’ was a small aircraft that had better engines and was a much improvised version as compared to the previously manufactured aircrafts of the series, ‘Boeing—707’ and ‘Boeing 727’. It took off for the first time on 9th April, with Brien Wygle and Lew Wallick donning the roles of the pilot and co-pilot.


1969

Trivia

The Fist U.K Built Concorde ‘002’, Took Off For The First Time

The first Concorde, developed by the British, flew for the first time on this day in 1969. The task of flying this famous aircraft for the first time was taken up by the pilot, Brian Trubshaw.


2005

Trivia

Charles, Prince Of Wales Marries Camilla Parker Bowles

The high profile wedding of Charles, the Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles took place on the 9th of April in 2005 at the Windsor Guildhall, Berkshire. Also addressed as ‘A Fairy Tale for Grown-Ups’ the procession was covered by ‘BBC Network’.


2013

Trivia

Spree Shooting In Velika Ivanča

Remembered as one of the most traumatizing incident ever since the ‘Yugoslav Wars’, a reckless shooting incident took place on this day in a place called Serbia, Velika Ivanča. The attack resulted in the death of 14 people including the 59-year-old mastermind, Ljubiša Bogdanović.


2014

Trivia

Mass Stabbing In ‘Franklin Regional High School’

April 9th 2014 was an unfortunate day for the students and staff members of ‘Franklin Regional High School’ where a criminal named Alex Hribal, harmed about 21 people with kitchen knives. Though Alex was all of 16 when he committed this horrendous crime, he was still tried by the court like any adult convict for the bad deed.


People Born This Day

Charles Baudelaire
(1821-1867)
Poet [ French ]
Frank King
(1883-1969)
[ American ]
Hugh Hefner
(1926-)
Founder of Playboy Magazine [ American ]
Tom Lehrer
(1928-)
[ American ]
Jesse McCartney
(1987-)
Singer/Songwriter, Actor, Voice Actor [ American ]
Paul Robeson
(1898-1976)
Singer, Actor & Civil Rights Activist [ American ]
Kristen Stewart
(1990-)
[ American ]
Cynthia Nixon
(1966-)
Actress [ American ]
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
(1806-1859)
Civil Engineer [ British ]
Michael Learned
(1939-)
Actress [ American ]
RedOne
(1972-)
Songwriter [ Moroccan ]
Fred Hollows
(1929-1993)
Ophthalmologist [ New Zealander ]
Leopold II of Belgium
(1835-1909)
Founder of Congo Free State [ Belgian ]
Léon Blum
(1872-1950)
Former Prime Minister of France [ French ]
Doug Ducey
(1964-)
23rd Governor of Arizona [ American ]
Gerard Way
(1977-)
Singer-songwriter, Musician [ American ]
Leighton Meester
(1986-)
Actress [ American ]
Jack John Christopher Depp III
(2002-)
Star Kid [ French ]
Jemma Middleton
(1992-)
Social Media Star [ British ]
Eduardo Saccone-Joly
(2014-)
Member of Saccone Family [ Irish ]


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