7th September In History

September the 7th is an important date which has been etched in history due to the major occurrences that have taken place on this date. Watershed events like the ascension of new popes, and coronation of new monarchs have occurred on this date through the course of history. Important peace agreements and major battles that have shaped the subsequent destinies of various nations have taken place on this date. This day has also seen assassinations of popular public figures. Major sporting records have also been made on this day. September 7th is thus an enormously significant date in world history on which several landmark events have occurred.


HISTORICAL EVENTS ON 7th September



1159

Politics

Pope Alexander III Chosen As The New Pope

On this day in 1159, Pope Alexander III was named the new Bishop of Rome. Alexander III was an Italian and was pope from 1159 to 1181. He was a teacher of canon law in Bologna and he published several opinions on Italian church law.


1303

Politics

Pope Boniface VIII Taken Prisoner

On this day in 1303, the then Bishop of Rome, Boniface VIII was attacked by Guillaume de Nogaret and then taken prisoner. Nogaret was operating on behalf of Philip IV of France. The attack was in revolt to papal policies and ended with all of Boniface’s supporters surrendering to Nogaret.


1571

Politics

Thomas Howard, Duke Of Norfolk, Is Arrested

On this day in 1571, Thomas Howard – the then Duke of Norfolk – was arrested for attempting to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England. The aim of the plot was to topple the queen and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots. This assassination plot is often referred to as the Ridolfi plot.


1764

Politics

Stanislaw Poniatowski, The Last Ruler Of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Is Elected

On this day in 1764, Stanislaw Poniatowski was elected as the last ruler of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. France undertook several attempts to scuttle Poniatowski’s candidacy but to no avail. Once Poniatowski was elected, he ensured that all French agents were expelled.


1818

Politics

Karl III Johan Crowned King Of Norway And Sweden

On this day in 1818, Karl III Johan was crowned the new king of Norway and Sweden. He took over the throne upon the death of his father and his coronation was the first to be held in Norway in more than three centuries. Karl III had a long reign and was a very popular king.


1860

Politics

Garibaldi Enters Naples With His Followers

In an attempt to unite Italy, Guiseppe Garibaldi and some of his followers entered Naples on this day in 1860. They were followed soon after by the army. With the king having fled out of the city, Garibaldi and his followers were welcomed royally as the process of reuniting Italy had begun.


1873

Politics

Emilio Castelar Y Ripoll Elected As President Of The First Spanish

On this day in 1873, Emilio Castelar y Ripoll was elected as the president of the First Spanish Republic. He was president for only a short duration but was well known as an orator and his speeches against the monarchy. Due to these activities, Ripoll was sentenced to death forcing him to escape to France.


1901

Politics

Boxer Protocol Is Signed In China

Boxer Rebellion refers to the uprising of a Chinese secret organization called the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists against the spread of Western and Japanese influence in northern China. The signing of the Boxer Protocol occurred on this day in 1901 thus bringing an end to the famous Boxer Rebellion. The agreement stated that China would pay more than $330 million in reparations to foreign nations involved.


1916

Politics

Federal Employers Compensation Act Comes Into Force In The US

On this day, the Federal Employers Compensation Act was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson. The Act helped to extend protection of modern worker compensations to nearly all federal employees. The original Act remains the same on the basis of which modern provisions have been formed.


1945

Politics

Berlin Victory Parade Of 1945 Held

The Berlin victory parade was held on this day by the Allied Forces to celebrate their victory over Germany. The parade was held in the capital of Nazi Germany, in Berlin, soon after World War II, with Soviet Union, United States, United Kingdom and France being the participating countries.


1977

Politics

The Torrijos-Carter Treaties Are Signed

On this day in 1977, the famous Torrijos-Carter Treaties were signed between the United States and Panama giving the important control of the Panama Canal to the nation of Panama. President Jimmy Carter initiated the signing of the treaties and agreed to the handing over of the canal to Panama by the end of the 20th century.


1978

Politics

Investigation Into Kennedy Assassination Begins

On this day in 1978, an investigation was launched by the House Assassinations Committee into the assassination of President John F Kennedy. The aim of the committee was to identify the individuals responsible for the assassination and to remove all doubts and suspicions from the matter.


2008

Politics

US Government Takes Control Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac

In the wake of the sub-prime mortgage crisis, the US government announced on this day the takeover of two mortgage giants – Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. This ensured that the US government was in charge of the two mortgage firms and also the $5 trillion in home loans that they backed.


2012

Politics

Canada Cuts Diplomatic Ties With Iran

On this day in 2012, Canada took an important diplomatic stance when it closed its embassy in Tehran and cut all diplomatic ties with Iran. The move was taken in protest to Iran’s backing of the Syrian regime.


1191

Wars

Battle Of Arsuf

On this day, the Battle of Arsuf was fought as part of the Third Crusade. The battle was between King Richard I of England and the Saladin of the Ayyubids, with more than 20,000 men being involved in the conflict. The battle ended with a resounding victory for Richard I and his men.


1228

Wars

Frederick II Starts The Sixth Crusade

On this day in 1228, the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II landed in Acre, Palestine to mark the beginning of the Sixth Crusade. Frederick II was a successor to the Roman rulers of the antiquity and was crowned emperor by Pope Honorius II in 1220.


1706

Wars

Siege Of Turin Comes To An End

The Siege of Turin was a major event that occurred during the War of Spanish Succession. The siege of the city ended with the city falling after the appearance of the liberation army in September of 1706. The Duke of Vendome of France controlled the siege operations.


1776

Wars

World’s First Submarine Attack Launched

On this day, during the American Revolutionary War, Ezra Lee, an American colonial soldier, commanding the 'Turtle' submarine attempted to time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe’s flagship 'Eagle' in New York Harbor. It was the first use of a submarine in warfare.


1778

Wars

France Invades Dominica In The British West Indies

On this day, the French army undertook a successful invasion of the island of Dominica in the West Indies, during the American War of Independence. This came as a surprise to the British authorities who were unaware of French involvement in the war, as an ally of the United States of America.


1812

Wars

Battle Of Borodino

The Battle of Borodino took place this day. It was one of the most devastating battles of the Napoleonic wars and was fought between the French army and the Russians during the French invasion of Russia. The battle went a long way in reducing Napoleon’s power and also in reducing the size of his empire.


1857

Wars

Mountain Meadows Massacre Takes Place

On this day in 1857, a series of savage attacks were launched on the Baker-Fancher wagon train around Mountain Meadows in Utah. A nearby militia undertook the attack and slaughtered everyone on the party which started from Arkansas and was headed towards California.


1864

Wars

Atlanta Evacuated As Part Of The American Civil War

On this day in 1864, the famous union general, William T. Sherman, ordered the evacuation of the city of Atlanta. General Sherman was preparing for a march to the sea when he ordered the evacuation. He ordered the evacuation as he thought that feeding the Atlanta residents in addition to his army will be a big hassle.


1932

Wars

Battle Of Boqueron Starts

On this day, the Battle of Boqueron started between the Bolivian and the Paraguyan armies. The battle was a major encounter in the Chaco War. The Bolivians had taken over the Boqueron outpost in 1932. The battle raged on for more than three weeks and finally resulted in the Bolivians surrendering.


1940

Wars

German Bombing Of London Begin

On this day in 1940, the German bombers began the London Blitz as Hitler began a new approach to halt the British forces. Hitler’s aim was to dent the morale of the British population and hence force them to cave to his demands. The blitz continued for several months before ending in May the following year.


1942

Wars

Battle Of Milne Bay Ends

The Battle of Milne Bay was a significant encounter during World War II when the Japanese suffered their first major land defeat, at the hands of the US and Australian forces, during World War II. The battle was important in that it ensured the Japanese did not establish a base in the eastern tip of New Guinea.


1965

Wars

Operation Piranha Launched By The US Marines

On this day in 1965, the US Marines and South Vietnamese forces launched Operation Piranha, as part of a major event during the course of the Vietnam War on the Batangan Peninsula. The operation included a raid on the Vietnam Army 1st regiment, by the Allied forces which resulted in several Vietnamese casualties.


1943

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Fire Breaks Out In The Houston Gulf Hotel

On this day in 1943, a fire ravaged the Houston Gulf Hotel killing forty eight people. The building housing the hotel was one of the oldest one and had many wooden partitions and thus it got burnt quickly.


1999

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Athens Earthquake

On this day in 1999, a major earthquake rocked the city of Athens in Greece killing more than 500 people and leaving many thousands homeless. The earthquake was said to measure 5.9 on the Richter scale and came as a surprise as it hit what wasn’t an earthquake prone region.


2004

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Hurricane Ivan Hits Grenada

On this day a powerful hurricane, named Hurricane Ivan struck the Caribbean island of Grenada causing considerable damage. The hurricane killed 39 people and caused damage amounting to USD900 million and affected more than 80 per cent of the city.


2011

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Russian Plane With NHL Players Crash

A major plane crash occurred on this day in Russia in 2011, near the city of Yaroslavl which cost the lives of several veteran members of the National Hockey League. The air crash killed all but two of the 45 people who were aboard the aircraft and also raised some major concerns for air safety in Russia.


2012

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Earthquake In Yunnan

On this day in 2012, a series of earthquakes rocked the Yunnan region in China. The powerful quakes led to the deaths of 89 people and injured more than 800 others. The quakes measured 5.6 on the Richter Scale and greatly shook the people of this region.


1895

Sports

First Game Of Rugby League Football Is Played

On this day in 1895, the first matches of what was to be known as Rugby League football, were played in England. 1895-96 became the first Northern Rugby Football Union Season and set the tone in enhancing the popularity of the sport in England.


1963

Sports

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Opens

On this day in 1963, the pro football Hall of Fame opened its doors in Canton, Ohio. The Hall of Fame was set up to commemorate the scores of players who had played professional football in the Unites States over the years. The reason for choosing Canton as a location was because the American Professional Football Association was founded there.


1970

Sports

Famous Jockey Bill Shoemaker Sets Record For The Most Number Of Victories

On this day in 1970, the great jockey, Bill Shoemaker, set the record for the most number of victories, when he scored his 6,033rd victory. Shoemaker broke the record of Johnny Longden and showed his greatness as a jockey, which slowly subsided over the coming years.


1998

Sports

Mark Mcgwire Hits 62 Home Runs In A Season

On this day in 1998, Mark Mcgwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 62nd home run of the baseball season and shattered the record that had stood for several years. Mcgwire was playing against the Chicago Cubs when he set this record.


1979

Literature & Entertainment

ESPN Debuts On Cable

The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, popularly known as ESPN, made its debut on cable TV on this day in 1979. The channel was founded by Bill Rasmussen and his son Scott Rasmussen. Today, the channel is one of the most popular sports entertainment channel on television.


1630

Trivia

City Of Boston Was Founded

Boston, one of the oldest cities in the United States, was founded on September 7, 1630 by Puritan settlers from England. The city played a key role in American revolution as it was witness to several key events such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston.


1813

Trivia

Unites States Nicknamed Uncle Sam

On this day in 1813, the United States of America got its famous nickname of “Uncle Sam”. The name was derived by a man named Samuel Wilson, who was a meat packer from the state of New York who supplied beef to the United States Army.


1896

Trivia

Ludwig Rehn Conducts First Successful Heart Surgery

On this day in 1896, Ludwig Rehn performed the first successful heart surgery on a stab victim who had been brought in by the police. This was a landmark day in the history of surgery and set the standard for surgery for years to come. The surgery was performed in a hospital in Frankfurt, Germany.


1896

Trivia

Electric Car Wins First Auto Race In The United States

The electric car built by the Riker Electric Motor Company won the first auto race held in the United States on this day in 1896. The auto race was sponsored by the large automobile companies who used the event to show their new makes of vehicles. The event was attended by thousands and proved to be a major success.


1907

Trivia

RMS Lusitania Sets Transatlantic Record

On this day in 1907, a major maritime record was set when the ship, RMS Lusitania departed on her debut voyage from Liverpool in England, and arrived in New York, five days later. In doing so, the Lusitania set a transatlantic record for the time taken in covering that distance across the Atlantic Ocean.


1921

Trivia

USA Mining Industry Unrest Hits A Crescendo

On this day in 1921, the continued unrest between the Mine Workers Unions and the Mine Owners reached a critical stage in the United States. The disagreement related to the tactics adopted by the unions to rake in new members and the attempts by the mine owners to prevent new union members from being admitted.


1921

Trivia

First Miss America Pageant Is Held In New Jersey

On this day in 1921, the first Miss America beauty pageant was held in Atlantic City in the US. The first pageant involved only eight contestants from the North Eastern states. Margaret Gorman from Washington DC went on to win the title and was crowned the first Miss America.


1922

Trivia

The Bank Of Latvia Is Established

The Constitutional Assembly of the country of Latvia established the Bank of Latvia on this day in 1922 in order to ensure the proper implementation of monetary policy in the Latvia. The Bank of Latvia subsequently became the central bank of the country and was also responsible for the issuance of currency in the nation.


1996

Crime

Rapper Tupac Shakur Shot Dead

On this day in 1996, the famous rapper Tupac Shakur was shot dead by a shooter hidden amongst a convoy of cars. Tupac Shakur was shot dead in Las Vegas and he subsequently became a legend post his death. The exact background and the motive behind Tupac Shakur’s death still remains a mystery.


1876

Crime

Jesse James And The James-Younger Gang Attempt Bank Robbery

On this day, the famous American gangster Jesse James, teamed up with the James-Younger gang and attempted to rob a town bank in Northfield, Minnesota. The robbery was thwarted by a group of the town’s citizens who chased off the gang with their guns.


1927

Inventions & Discoveries

Philo Farnsworth Invents The First All-Electronic Television

On this day in 1927, Philo Farnsworth, an American inventor, invented the first all-electronic television set. He transmitted an image through the purely electronic means of a device called an ‘image dissector’.


People Born This Day

Buddy Holly
(1936-1959)
[ American ]
Evan Rachel Wood
(1987-)
Actress [ American ]
Warren Earl Burger
(1907-1995)
Former Chief Justice of the United States [ American ]
Abdurrahman Wahid
(1940-2009)
Former President of Indonesia [ Indonesian ]
Laura Ashley
(1925-1985)
Founder of 'Laura Ashley' Brand [ Welsh ]
Paul Brown
(1908-1991)
American Football Coach [ American ]
Michael DeBakey
(1908-2008)
Cardiac Surgeon [ American ]
John Cornforth
(1917-2013)
Nobel Prize Winner Chemist [ Australian ]
Abdou Diouf
(1935-)
Politician [ Senegalese ]
Elizabeth I of England
(1533-1603)
Queen of England [ British ]
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
(1707-1788)
Naturalist [ French ]
Thomas A. Hendricks
(1819-1885)
21st Vice President of the U.S.A. [ American ]
Eazy-E
(1963-1995)
Rapper [ American ]
J. P. Morgan, Jr.
(1867-1943)
Banker [ American ]
Neerja Bhanot
(1963-1986)
Air Hostess for Hijacked Pan Am Flight 73 [ Indian ]
Elia Kazan
(1909-2003)
Director, Actor, Producer [ Greek ]
Simon Edward Minter
(1992-)
You Tuber, vlogger [ British ]
Rosie McClelland
(2006-)
Child actress, TV Personality [ British ]
Sophia Lucia
(2002-)
Dancer, Reality TV Star, and Social Media Personality [ American ]
Kurt Hugo Schneider
(1988-)
YouTuber [ American ]
Angie Everhart
(1969-)
Actress, Model [ American ]


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