7th April In History

Baring a few precious weekends, the month of April cannot be dubbed as an ’ordinary’ one. Each day of April has a significance of its own and April 7 is no different too, as far as historic importance is concerned. For instance, a detailed study of the events which occurred during World War II, which spanned over 6 years, will reveal the ghastly events which have occurred on this particular date. While a few leaders rose to power on this date and sparked off political revolutions, April 7 also marked the downfall of many undisputed leaders like Saddam Hussein. A research over the internet has revealed that dozens of prominent individuals were born and some have also died on this date. These names include renowned actors, painters, musicians, sportspersons as well as political leaders. It was quite interesting to know that these sources have even talked about events which dated back to as far as 1141, which proves how much time is spent by researchers in gathering facts related to a particular date alone. Scroll through these set of events to know more.


HISTORICAL EVENTS ON 7th April



1141

Politics

The ‘Lady Of The English’ Comes To Power

The famous Monarch Matilda, who also happened to be the daughter of King Henry I of England, was sworn in as the Empress of England on April 7, 1141. She is remembered till date as the ‘Lady of The English’.


1789

Politics

Selim III Was Crowned The Sultan

Selim III was one of the prominent faces of the Ottomans and was announced the sultan of the empire on 7 April, 1789. He was hardly 28 years old when he succeeded Abdulhamid, another important Ottoman ruler.


1868

Politics

Assassination Of Thomas D’Arcy McGee

Thomas D’Arcy McGee was one of the most prominent faces of Canadian politics. He is also remembered by many as the father of Canadian Confederation. Unfortunately, on April 7, 1868, this prolific writer and political leader was assassinated, sending shock waves across the country.


1906

Politics

The ‘Algeciras Conference’ Ceases

The ‘Algeciras Conference’, a great political discussion held to discuss the acute political crisis in Morocco at the time, screeched to a halt on April 7, 1906. This political discussion spanned over a period of three months and several European nations participated in the conference.


1922

Politics

The ‘Teapot Dome Scandal’

The ‘Teapot Dome Scandal’ was a yesteryear political scandal which rocked the United States during the 1920s. On April 7, 1922, renowned politician Albert Bacon Fall, who was also the Secretary of The Interior back then, facilitated the transfer of a precious natural resource to a firm named ‘Mammoth Oil’. The oil was extracted from a reserve named ‘Teapot Dome’ located in the United States.


1933

Politics

Enforcement Of Anti-Jewish Laws

One infamous practice of the Nazis which the world would never forget is the way Jews across Europe were tormented by Hitler’s forces. The government passed the ‘Law For The Restoration Of The Professional Civil Service’ on April 7, 1933, which seemed like a deliberate attempt to suppress the Jews. The law stripped off the powers of Jewish people, especially those who were in government jobs. Eventually, people were also asked to boycott goods produced by Jews.


1939

Politics

Albania Is Captured By Italy

Under the guidance of its then supreme leader Benito Mussolini, the Italian troops managed to successfully capture Albania on April 7, 1939.


1943

Politics

Prisoners At Chelmno Death Camp Killed

The Chelmno death camp located in Poland is yet another place where the Nazis carried out their atrocious acts against the Jews. Several hundred thousand Jewish as well as non-Jewish prisoners from Poland and Russia were executed here. A castle in which the prisoners resided was deliberately destroyed on April 7, 1944 and the next series of executions were carried out a year later.


1943

Politics

Axis Powers Conference

The face of Fascism, Benito Mussolini met the infamous Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler on April 7, 1943. Salzburg was the venue where the two great leaders decided to talk regarding the military situation in Europe at the time.


1943

Politics

Ioannis Rallis Is Crowned The Prime Minister Of Greece

Renowned politician Ioannis Rallis rose to power on April 7, 1943 and was sworn as the Prime Minister of Greece. The European nation was under the clutches of the Axis powers back then and Rallis was the last premier of the nation before Greece gained independence.


1945

Politics

Visoko Gains Freedom

Located in Bosnia, this city was under the clutches of Yugoslavia and later became a part of Nazi Germany. However, after a few decades, Visoko finally gained independence on April 7, 1945.


1946

Politics

Syria Is Liberated From The Clutches Of France

Syria was a troubled state even several decades ago and at that time the nation was a colony ruled by the French forces. The nation finally gained independence from the European nation on April 7, 1946.


1954

Politics

U.S President Eisenhower Proposes His Famous ‘Domino Theory’

Pressing on the turbulent situation in Vietnam and other parts of South Asia, former American president Dwight Eisenhower organized a press conference on April 7, 1954. During this talk with sections of the media, Eisenhower used a term called ‘Domino Theory’ which went on to be remembered for several decades.


1971

Politics

American President Richard Nixon’s Announcement

It was a time when Vietnam was badly hit by the attack carried out by the American armed forces. Former American president Richard Nixon addressed the whole nation on April 7, 1971, notifying them about the crisis in Southeast Asia. This important announcement helped the masses understand what the government was trying to do.


1976

Politics

Resignation Of John Stonehouse

The acclaimed former British politician made headlines on April 7, 1976, when he announced his resignation from the Labour Party. The decision was a huge blow to the party which was in power at that time and posed a threat to the government led by Prime Minister James Callaghan back then.


1977

Politics

Siegfried Buback Assasinated

During an early morning drive, on April 7, 1977, Siegfried Buback, a lawman of German descent was assassinated. The assailant was motorcycle-borne, and fired several rounds at Buback as well as his driver, leaving both the dead.


1980

Politics

Jimmy Carter’s Relationship With Iran

Former American president Jimmy Carter raised eyebrows around the United States on April 7, 1980 with his controversial declaration. Carter had announced to sections of the media that citizens from Iran would not be granted Visas and the rule was enforced on the same day. It is believed that the reason which provoked this decision was the attack on the American embassy in Tehran, which left the U.S officials fuming.


1999

Politics

The Famous ‘Banana War’ Victory

The Banana War was a trading conflict between the United States and several European nations. The sale of bananas (produced in regions of South America) in the nations belonging to the ‘European Union’ was the reason behind the conflict. The ‘World Trade Organization’ (WTO) intervened in this conflict and on April 7, 1999 the initiative apparently passed a judgement that favored the Americans. Thus, several Americans celebrated this day, since it marked the end of the ‘Banana War’.


2008

Politics

Olympic Relay Torch Protests

Chaos broke out on a street in London when the Olympic torch was being carried on April 7, 2008. The relay was disrupted by few individuals who hurled abuses at the Chinese government for ill-treating Tibetan nationals. The ruckus resulted in the police jumping into action and arresting at least 35 people.


2009

Politics

Alberto Fujimori’s Imprisonment

The former President of Peru hit rock bottom on April 7, 2009, when he was found guilty by a court for several cases of human right violation. Some of the accusations included butchering individuals belonging to army. This resulted in Fujimori being sentenced for life-imprisonment.


2009

Politics

The Protests Of Moldova

A massive mob of 10,000 had gathered on the streets of Moldova, Romania, in a bid to protest against the government. The people were revolting against the parliamentary elections, which were held in Moldova during that month and claimed that the event was fraudulent.


1776

Wars

Captain John Barry Emerges Victorious

John Barry was an efficient leader of the American naval force, who shook the British by the feat he managed to achieve on April 7, 1776. Under his leadership, the American troops managed to capture the vessel ‘HMS Edward’ and this development was a huge blow to the British.


1862

Wars

The Bloody ‘Battle Of Shiloh’ Ceases

Touted as one of the most infamous events of the historic American civil war, this battle was fought over a period of 2 days and concluded on April 7, 1862. The war was fought between the ‘Union’ and the ‘Confederate’ forces, resulting in the death of approximately 23,000 and is said to be one of the bloodiest battles of the American civil war.


1945

Wars

Japanese Ship ‘Yamato’ Sinks

The vessel Yamato was easily the greatest strength of the Japanese naval forces during world war-II. However, on April 7, 1945, the ship ended up sinking after being attacked by American bomber aircrafts, which was a major setback for Japan.


1988

Wars

Withdrawal Of Troops

The Soviet forces had invaded Afghanistan for quite some time and the conflict resulted in immense losses across the Asian nation. On April 7, 1988, the then defense minister of the Soviet Union decided to cease the war situation in Afghanistan by passing an order asking the Russian soldiers to return to their motherland.


1995

Wars

War Begins In Chechnya

This grave episode of Russian history is something every citizen of the nation would want to forget. April 7, 1995 marked the beginning of the infamous ‘First Chechen War’. The sleepy Russian village of Samashki was the most affected and approximately 103 civilians were hacked to death here alone.


2003

Wars

U.S Invades Iraq

The U.S, which was being governed by the Bush administration, launched an attack on Baghdad on April 7 the same year. A short while later the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein was overthrown from power. He was eventually captured and executed by the United States.


1906

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Eruption Of Mount Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius, a great natural landmark located near Naples, Italy, exploded on April 7, 1906, causing a devastating volcanic eruption. The disaster claimed the lives of nearly hundred people and several were displaced.


1948

Disasters & Natural Calamities

A Buddhist Monastery Tragedy

A place of great religious importance, located in Shanghai, China was gutted by a deadly fire on April 7, 1948. According to sources, around 20 monks lost their lives in this tragedy.


1968

Disasters & Natural Calamities

The Horrific Death Of Racer Jim Clark

This horrific tragedy sent shock waves amongst the fans of the motor racing legend Jim Clark. A race held on this day in 1968 proved to be fatal for Clark, whose car went spinning in the air, resulting in his death.


1989

Disasters & Natural Calamities

The ‘Komsomolets’ Mishap

The ‘K-278 Komsomolets’ was a vessel owned by the Soviet naval forces. The world was horrified when media sources revealed that the Ship sank on April 7, 1989. Around 42 people who were onboard lost their lives in the accident.


1990

Disasters & Natural Calamities

‘Scandinavian Star’ Catches Fire

This sophisticated passenger carrier vessel was launched during the early part of 1971. It is believed that during the wee hours of April 7, 1990 (approximately 2 A.M), the ship caught fire, burning down a large part of the ship and also killing more than 150 people onboard.


1963

Sports

Jack Nicklaus Becomes The Youngest Winner Of Masters

The legendary Jack Nicklaus is one of the most iconic golf players of all time, who proved his mettle at a very young age. The ‘Masters’ tournament concluded on April 7, 1963 and Jack was crowned the winner. This earned him the accolade of being the youngest sportsperson at the time to bag this title.


1805

Literature & Entertainment

Premiere Of Musician Ludwig Van Beethoven’sThird Symphony

Legendary musician Beethoven’s works have mesmerized music lovers all over the world and continue to be popular till date. Do you know when the third track of the Beethoven Symphony series released? If sources are anything to go by, it is April 7, 1805.


1829

Literature & Entertainment

Translation Of The ‘Book Of Mormon’

The famous religious text ‘Book of Mormon’ was translated into the English language in a matter of just two months. The translation started on April 7, 1829 and concluded in the month of June.


1927

Literature & Entertainment

The First Television Transmission

Several individuals from the media flocked a dwelling in New York on April 7, 1927. The reason was that they were getting to see how a television works for the first time. The first few images that the American television audience witnessed were that of America’s secretary of commerce Herbert Hoover.


1967

Literature & Entertainment

Roger Ebert’s First Work As A Critic Reaches The Public

Most movie buffs would definitely know Roger Ebert, who is one of the greatest critics of the visual art medium. Ebert’s first review reached the masses on April 7, 1967 and the movie he talked about was ‘Galia’, a bold attempt of its time.


1970

Literature & Entertainment

John Wayne Bags An Oscar

There are many actors out there who got their Academy awards after tremendous struggle and John Wayne happens to be one among them. After gaining accolades for his stellar performances in several flicks, Wayne bagged an Oscar on April 7, 1970 for his role in ‘True Grit”.


1348

Trivia

‘Charles University’ Opens

The world renowned ‘Charles University’, located in Prague, came into existence due to the interest of the famous monarch Charles IV. The educational institution was opened on the 7th of April, 1348.


1827

Trivia

John Walker Sells His Famous Invention

Not many know that John Walker has made several human lives easier. This great inventor is the man who introduced the ‘friction match’ to the world. According to a source, Walker had apparently sold around 250 such matches on the 7th of April, 1827. This event earned Walker a place in books related to history.


1933

Trivia

America’s Path-breaking Beer Policy

Many American citizens were relieved to hear that on April 7, 1933, the popular beverage Beer would finally be legal across the United States. Soon many Beer lovers flocked pubs to taste their favorite beverage.


1940

Trivia

Booker T Washington’s Postage Stamp

Booker T Washington belongs to the league of those few eminent personalities from the African-American community who has made his clan proud. April 7, 1940 is a date which many African-Americans would be proud of, since this was the day the nation’s first stamp featuring a black was introduced.


1948

Trivia

Establishment Of The World Renowned ‘WHO’

The ‘World Health Organization’, also known as ‘WHO’, is a concern of the ‘United Nations’ association. The firm and its guidelines were enforced on April 7, 1948 and since then ‘WHO’ has been catering to several serious health concerns plaguing the world.


1953

Trivia

‘IBM’ Reveals ‘IBM 701’ To The World

The world famous computing giant ‘IBM’ formally announced the launch of its ambitious product, the ‘IBM 701’ on April 7, 1953. The availability of this machine was considered to be a great milestone in the history of technology back then.


1969

Trivia

The Birth Of The Internet

The precious gift of technology which we heavily rely upon these days, was apparently introduced first way back in 1969. It was on this day that the first ‘RFC’, ‘Request For Comment’ document was printed.


1983

Trivia

The Famous Spacewalk

NASA launched a space shuttle for the sixth time in the year 1983. On April 7, 1983, astronauts Story Musgrave and his colleague did a spacewalk which grabbed the world’s attention and was considered by many as an incredible feat.


1986

Trivia

Business Tycoon Clive Sinclair Gives Away His Empire

Consumer Electronics baron Sir Clive Sinclair had amassed a huge fortune through his firm ‘Sinclair Research’. However, on April 7, 1986, Sinclair surprised many of his admirers by selling the firm for a whopping 5 Million Euros, taking many of his admirers by surprise.


1994

Trivia

The Heinous ‘Rwandan Genocide’

The sleepy African nation of Rwanda experienced one of its worst massacres in 1994. Starting on April 7, this heinous act of mass murder stretched for a period of hundred days and resulted in the death of approximately 1000,000 people.


1994

Trivia

An Attempt To Hijack ‘Federal Express Flight 705’

Auborn Calloway was an employee of the airline ‘Federal Express’, who was criticized for the lack of discipline in his work and was on the verge of losing his job. Infuriated, Calloway chose to seek revenge against his employers by hijacking one of its aircrafts. On 7th April, Calloway tried executing his plan, but he wasn’t successful.


2001

Trivia

Launch Of ‘Mars Odyssey’

Considered to be one of U.S space research giant ‘NASA’’s ambitious projects, this 2001 space mission was carried out with the help of a robotic spacecraft named ‘Odyssey’. The spacecraft was launched on April 7, 2001 and entered the orbit of Mars in October the same year.


People Born This Day

William Wordsworth
(1770-1850)
Poet [ British ]
Billie Holiday
(1915-1959)
Musician [ American ]
Ravi Shankar
(1920-2012)
Musician, composer [ Indian ]
Walter Winchell
(1897-1972)
Journalist, Radio Personality [ British ]
Gabriela Mistral
(1889-1957)
[ Chilean ]
Francis Ford Coppola
(1939-)
[ American ]
Jackie Chan
(1954-)
[ Hong Kong ]
Janis Ian
(1951-)
Singer, Songwriter, Musician & Author [ American ]
James Garner
(1928-2014)
[ American ]
Allen Dulles
(1893-1969)
Former Diplomat & Head of CIA [ American ]
Russell Crowe
(1964-)
Actor, Producer, Musician [ New Zealander ]
Allen Allensworth
(1842-1914)
Baptist Minister, Educator, Army Officer [ American ]
Francis Xavier
(1506-1552)
Missionary [ Spanish ]
William R. King
(1786-1853)
Shortest Serving Vice President of the U.S.A [ American ]
Will Keith Kellogg
(1860-1951)
Founder of the Kellogg Company [ American ]
Jerry Brown
(1938-)
34th and 39th Governor of California [ American ]
Gracie Haschak
(2002-)
Dancer [ American ]
Alexis Jordan
(1992-)
Singer [ American ]
MecKenzie Bezos
(1970-)
Novelist, Journalist [ American ]


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