30th March In History

Every date of the calendar has its own share of iconic episodes and the 30th of March too is a bag filled with many such events. Apart from being the 89th day of the Gregorian calendar, this date is a lot more prominent than most of us believe it to be. If you refer to reliable online sources and authentic history books, you will be blown away by the importance of 30th March. It was a day filled with historic events like the signing of the ‘Treaty of Paris’ and the revolt of the residents of Sicily against their ruler. These are just a couple of the numerous events other that have occurred on this day and a detailed study of 30th March’s history will leave you baffled. Be it politics, sports, entertainment or literature, 30th March has a lot of importance in each of these fields. Read on and see for yourself, how we are very similar to our ancestors and the way things have changed from the past.


HISTORICAL EVENTS ON 30th March



1282

Politics

Citizens Of Sicily Revolt Against The Charles I Of Naples

With the help of Peter III of Argon, the Sicilian people revolted against the tyrannical rule of King Charles I of France. The mutiny started during the auspicious time of Vesper, on this day in 1282. It resulted in several French soldiers losing their lives at the hands of Sicilians outside the church of Palermo.


1775

Politics

‘New England Restraining Act’ Approved

The ‘New England Restraining Act’ was passed by King George III on 30th March 1775 in an attempt to stop the colonies of New England to trade with any other country, except Britain. The American regions of Connecticut, Massachusetts and a few others, were collectively known as New England, when the nation was being ruled by the British.


1815

Politics

Rimini Proclamation Was Officially Announced

Joach Murat, the King of Naples, had declared war in Austria and in a bid to seek the support of all Italians, issued the Rimini Proclamation on 30th March, 1815. This proclamation was an announcement of Murat’s war against Austria for Italy’s independence and began with the line ‘Italians! The hour has come to engage in your highest destiny.’


1822

Politics

Territory Of Florida Established In United States

Florida was originally a Spanish territory, which was surrendered to the U.S as required by the ‘Adams-Onis Treaty’. It became a part of the United States on this eventful day in 1822 and was administered by the ‘Florida Territorial Council’ till 1845, until it came to be known as the State of Florida.


1856

Politics

‘Treaty Of Paris’ Signed

The Crimean war, between Russia and the combined force of France, Great Britain, Sardinia, as well as Turkey, ceased due to the ‘Treaty of Paris’, which was signed on 30th March, 1856. This accord restricted the Russian control on the ‘Black Sea’ to a large extent by forbidding any militarization in this territory and declaring it neutral.


1863

Politics

Wilhelm George Is Announced The Supreme Leader

30th March of 1863 saw a young 17-year-old Wilhelm George being chosen as the King by the ‘Greek National Assembly’, supported by Great Britain, France, Ireland and the Russian Empire. Ironically, he became the ruler before his father and the latter was enthroned the ‘King of Denmark’ after a period of 7 months.


1965

Politics

Embassy Bombing In United States

The political party, ‘National Liberation Front’ bombed the ‘Embassy of the United States’ on the 30th of March, 1965. The car bomb exploded when a Vietnamese police officer got into a verbal fight with the car driver.


1867

Politics

United States Bought Alaska From Russia

30th March saw Alaska being purchased by the super power U.S., from Russia for a sum of $7.2 million. Russia was so keen to sell the territory that the decision to sell the place was made in just one night, with the treaty for purchase being signed at 4 AM on this day.


1870

Politics

15th Amendment Approved

On this iconic day of 1870, the 15th Amendment, which granted the right to vote to the African-American men, was institutionalized by the US Constitution. The next day, this right was exercised for the first time by Thomas Peterson-Mundy of Perth Amboy, New Jersey.


1870

Politics

Texas Was Forced To The Union Due To Reconstruction

It was on this day in 1870, that Texas was finally absorbed into the U.S Congress following the end of the American Civil War. Subsequently, the ‘Democratic Party’ came into power in Texas and it continued in its policies against the blacks by not allowing them to vote. This move brought down the number of voters from 100,000 to only 5000.


1893

Politics

Thomas Francis Bayard Becomes The 1st U.S Ambassador To Great Britain

Thomas Francis Bayard was chosen as the first U.S ambassador to Great Britain on 30th March, 1893. Previously, Francis served as the Secretary of State for a period of 4 years, starting from 1885.


1912

Politics

‘Treaty Of Fez’ Signed

The Treaty of Fez was signed on this day in 1912, by the Sultan Abdelhafid, which resolved the ‘Agadie Crisis of 1911’. As per this treaty, Morocco was to give its iron mines to the Spanish and it was also to be a subservient state to France.


1918

Politics

The ‘March Days’ Massacre Took Place

It was in the city of Baku, Azerbaijan that 3000 to 12000 Azerbaijanis were killed by the ‘Musavat Party’ in order to suppress a Muslim revolt. The slaughter, known as the ‘March Days’, started on this day in 1918 and continued up to 2nd April.


1961

Politics

The ‘Single Convention On Narcotic Drugs’ Treaty Signed

This day of 1961 saw, a ‘Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs’ was promulgated which controlled the production of all drugs which produced effects similar to Opium or morphine. Before this, there were similar treaties but they did not cover the complete spectrum of such drugs.


1979

Politics

British Politician, Airey Neave Assassinated

Airey Neave was the first British military personnel to escape from ‘Oflag IV-C’, a German camp for the prisoners-of-war. Also a popular statesman, Neave was lost his life on 30th March due to a car-bomb attack. The ‘Irish National Liberation Army’ later accepted that this brutal murder was carried out by them.


1981

Politics

Former President Ronald Regan’s Attempted Assassination

This fateful day of 1981 witnessed the former president Ronald Reagan was shot and wounded in his chest by John Hinckley Jr. Surprisingly, the motive behind this act was neither political nor personal, but merely an attempt by John to impress the actress Jodie Foster, whom he was obsessed with.


1992

Politics

P. J. Patterson Elected As The Prime Minister Of Jamaica

Percival Noel James Patterson was a statesman, who served as the 6th Prime Minister of Jamaica from 30th March 1992 till the same date in 2006. He was also felicitated with the ‘Order of the Nation’, which also earned him the title of ‘The Most Honorable’.


2006

Politics

The ‘Terrorism Act 2006’ Approved

The tragedy of the ‘2005 London bombings’ prompted the British Parliament to tighten its screws on terror and hence the ‘Terrorism Act 2006’ was approved on 30th March. Even though some of its clauses were considered unacceptable, it was considered necessary by the authorities and was quickly enforced.


2008

Politics

‘EU–US Open Skies Agreement’ Accomplished

The ‘EU-US Open Skies Agreement’ that was signed between the European Union and the United States was put into effect on this day of 2008. The treaty said that the flights can fly between any two points of these two continents.


2009

Politics

President Barack Obama Gives An Ultimatum To American Automakers

The economic crisis in 2008 had forced ‘General Motors’ and ‘Chrysler’ to plead for a financial bailout package from the U.S Government. It was on 30th March 2009 that President Obama firmly asked these manufacturers to change the way they operate, due to which these auto giants were forced to declare bankruptcy.


1844

Wars

Battle Of Santiago

On this dreadful day of 1844 when the second battle of the ‘Dominican War of Independence’ was fought in the Santiago province. This clash between Dominican Republic and Haiti is famously remembered as the ‘Battle of Santiago’.


1855

Wars

The First Election In Kansas Interrupted By ‘Border Ruffian’

In 1855, about 5000 Missourians, also called ‘Border Ruffians’ entered Kansas, United States to enforce slavery. On 30th March the same year, Kansas had its first territorial election, in which the ‘Border Ruffians’ voted illegally and achieved their aim.


1856

Wars

Crimean War Officially Ended

30th March saw the end of the Crimean War which was fought between the Russian army and the joint forces of United Kingdom, Sardinia and the Ottoman Empire. The gruesome combat ended with the signing of the ‘Treaty of Paris’ on the same day.


1885

Wars

‘Battle Of Kushka’

In 1885, the Russian troops had illegally occupied Afghan territory, on the east bank of the Kushk River. The Afghani army had occupied the west side of the same river, in a bid to defend their territory. When the Afghan troops refused to withdraw as per the Russian demand, they were attacked on this day and the fight was called the ‘Battle of Kushka’.


1918

Wars

Allied Troops Halt Germans At Moreuil Wood

During the World War I, the German troops were unstoppable and it saw the opposition forces fall like ninepins. However, on the 30th of March, 1918 the Germans were left handicapped by the combined might of the British, Australian and Canadian troops, when they executed a successful counter-attack at Moreuil Wood, setting the stage for an ‘Allies’ victory.


1944

Wars

Bombing Of Sofia In World War II

Bulgaria, who had symbolically announced war on the United Kingdom and the United States on 13 December 1941, was relentlessly bombed on this day in 1943. Its capital Sofia, which was completely defenseless due to inadequate military power, was targeted by about 370 American bomber aircrafts, which dropped more than 3000 explosives, destroying 3575 buildings.


1944

Wars

Battle Of Berlin

The British forces had bombed several parts of Berlin and its surrounding cities, from November 1943 to March 1944. The attack was considered a failure as ‘Royal Air Force’ lost 1047 bomber aircrafts and the lives of 7000 airmen. The bombing was stopped on this day in 1944 after attacking Nuremberg, Germany.


1949

Wars

Anti-NATO Riot In Iceland

30th March 1949 that there was a riot in Iceland, outside the parliament building, in which thousands of people pelted stones and damaged the windows. The people protested since they did not want the Iceland’s Parliament to join the military alliance, ‘NATO’, as it would catapult them into the cold war against the Soviet Union.


1972

Wars

The Campaign ‘Easter Offensive’ Begun

On 30th March 1972 that the ‘People's Army of Vietnam’ (PAVN) launched an attack against the ‘Army of the Republic of Vietnam’ and the U.S, calling it the ‘Easter Offensive’. This assault lasted up to 22nd October, 1972 with ‘PAVN’ achieving its goals of capturing its target territories.


1980

Disasters & Natural Calamities

The ‘Alexander L. Kielland’ Overturned In Scotland

Alexander L. Kielland was an enormous drilling machine which overturned due to the impact made by a huge wave in the North Sea at about 6:30PM. The freaky accident led to the death of about 123 people. Some sources claim that this incident took place on 27th march while the others say it was on 30th March.


2013

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Flash Floods In Port Louis, Mauritius

2013 was a tough year for the residents of Port Louis, Mauritius since 11 people lost their lives due to the flashfloods on 30th March that year. The then Prime Minister Navin Rangoolam, declared 1st April 2013 as the national day of mourning for all the victims.


1889

Sports

The First Mixed Foursome Golf Tournament Was Played

The ‘Saint Andrew's Golf Club’ is the oldest and one of the most famous places in the world to play this game. It was on this day that the first foursomes match between the teams comprising of Mrs. John Reid and John Upham as well as Carrie Law and John Reid, was played.


1906

Sports

The Horse ‘Ascetic’s Silver’ Won The ‘1906 Grand National’

‘Ascetic’s Silver’ was the winning horse of the 1906 Grand National horse race. The event took place at the Aintree Race course in England.


1965

Sports

Bill Bradley Scores 58 Points For Princeton

30th March, 1965 was a memorable one for the phenomenal basketball player Bill Bradley. He helped his team Princeton win against the ‘NCAA’ men’s basketball tournament scoring 58 points against Wichita State. His extraordinary performance won him the ‘Most Outstanding Player’ award.


1939

Literature & Entertainment

‘DC Comics’ Introduced Batman

‘DC Comics’ is an American comic book publishing firm that introduced a character named ‘Batman’ on this day. This superhero has ruled the hearts of millions of adults and kids ever since then.


1951

Literature & Entertainment

‘Symphony No. 4’ Was First Performed

Walter Piston, a renowned American musician composed the fourth Symphony that gained enormous success. It was performed for the first time by the U.S based ‘Minnesota Orchestra’ on 30th March 1951.


1964

Literature & Entertainment

‘Jeopardy’ Debuted On NBC

‘Jeopardy’ is an American quiz show that was aired on ‘NBC’, an American commercial broadcast channel on the 30th of March, 1964. The show was hosted by Art Fleming and earned him extreme popularity among the masses.


1974

Literature & Entertainment

John Denver’s ‘Sunshine On My Shoulders’ Becomes The Number One Song

John Denver’s popular song ‘Sunshine On My Shoulders’ gained the number one spot on music charts on 30th March, 1974. It also secured the number one spot in the ‘Billboard Hot 100’, later the same year.


1988

Literature & Entertainment

‘Soul Train Music Awards’ Held

30th March 1988, was a historic day in the history of music, since the ‘1988 Soul Train Music Awards’ were held on this day. The 180-minute show, hosted by Dionne Warwick, was broadcasted live in only certain cities. The prestigious ‘1988 Soul Train Music Awards’ were held on the 30th March 1988 in Los Angeles, California. (Plagiarized) The 180-minute show, hosted by Dionne Warwick, was broadcasted live in only certain cities.


1987

Literature & Entertainment

‘Platoon’ Won 4 Honors At The 59th Academy Awards

The ‘59th Academy Awards’ took place on this date of 1987. ‘Platoon’ won 4 major awards on this day, including the ‘Academy Award for Best Picture’.


1992

Literature & Entertainment

‘The Silence Of The Lambs’ Won 5 Honors At The 64th National Awards

The eagerly-awaited ‘64th Academy Awards’ event was held on 30th March 1992. The cult thriller ‘The Silence of the Lambs’ bagged the ‘Academy Award for Best Picture’ on this day, becoming the first movie of its genre to win such an honor.


1992

Literature & Entertainment

News Channel ‘Up To The Minute’ Premiered

The ‘Columbia Broadcasting System’, widely recognized as ‘CBS’, aired the popular show ‘Up to the Minute’ for the first time on 30th March, 1992. It was taken off-air on September 18, 2015.


1995

Literature & Entertainment

‘Arcadia’ Opens At Vivian Beaumont Theater New York City

The acclaimed playwright Tom Stoppard’s play ‘Arcadia’ was performed for the first time in the ‘Vivian Veaumont Theater’ on 30th March. Popular actress Blair Brown was a part of this successful play, which had about 204 performances on this stage.


1842

Trivia

Ether Anesthesia Used For The First Time By Doctor Crawford Long

Ether was utilized as Anesthesia for the first time on this day by a doctor named Crawford Long. Long experimented with Ether for the removal of a tumor from the neck of his patient, James M. Venable. Though the operation was successful, Dr. Crawford did not tell the world about this discovery till 1849.


1899

Trivia

Invitation To Appoint Delegates In The ‘Commission On Isotopic Abundances And Atomic Weights’ Sent

The ‘Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights’ (CIAAW) is a scientific organization which is affiliated with the renowned ‘International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry’. On 30th March of 1899, the ‘German Society of Chemistry’ formally invited other scientific organizations to select commissaries for ‘CIAWW’.


1909

Trivia

The Queensboro Bridge In New York Opens

Officially known as the ‘Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge’, the overpass opened up for the general public on this day of 1909. This pathway facilitated better connectivity between the Queens and Manhattan regions of New York.


1910

Trivia

University Of Southern Mississippi Founded

Popularly called as ‘Southern Miss’, the ‘University of Southern Mississippi’ was founded on this day of 1910. Over the years, the institution gained a lot of reputation for being a ‘research hub’.


1939

Trivia

‘Heinkel He 100’ Sets The World Record

30th March, 1939 was a proud day for Hans Dieterle, the German pilot who flew the ‘Heinkel He 100’ at a speed which set the world record. This fighter airplane used during the World War II was flown at a speed of 463.919 mph.


1954

Trivia

The First Subway Of Canada Was Opened

The 30th of March during this year saw the first subway in Canada being opened to the general public. Known as the ‘Line 1 Yonge–University’, became accessible at 2:30 pm on this day.


1976

Trivia

‘First Land Day’ Celebrated

It was on this day in 1976, that 6 Palestinians were killed and hundreds wounded by the Israeli army. This brutal slaughter was carried out in response to the Palestinians protests against the Israeli Government’s announcement of annexing large amounts of land. This event is called ‘Land Day’, is celebrated every year by Palestinians all over the world.


People Born This Day

Celine Dion
(1968-)
Singer [ Canadian ]
Tracy Chapman
(1964-)
[ American ]
Vincent van Gogh
(1853-1890)
Painter [ French ]
Eric Clapton
(1945-)
[ British ]
Rolf Harris
(1930-)
Entertainer [ Australian ]
Ingvar Kamprad
(1926-)
Business magnate [ Swedish ]
Francisco Goya
(1746-1828)
Painters [ Spanish ]
Jethro Tull
(1674-1741)
Agricultural Pioneer [ British ]
Juan Manuel de Rosas
(1793-1877)
Dictator of Argentina [ Argentine ]
Robert Bunsen
(1811-1899)
Chemist [ German ]
Warren Beatty
(1937-)
Actor [ American ]
Kalel
(1989-)
YouTuber, Vlogger, Animal Rights Activist [ American ]
Kiana Kim
(1980-)
Model, Actress, Entrepreneur [ Korean ]
Isaac Lupien
(1995-)
Dancer, Choreographer, Actor [ Canadian ]


People Died This Day

Rudolf Steiner
(1861-1925)
Philosopher, social reformer, architect and esotericist [ Croatian ]
Alan Dundes
(1934-2005)
[ American ]
Michael King
(1945-2004)
Historian & Biographer [ New Zealander ]
Abigail Fillmore
(1798-1853)
First Lady of America [ American ]
James Cagney
(1899-1986)
Actor, Dancer [ American ]
Jaime Escalante
(1930-2010)
Teacher [ Bolivian ]
Dith Pran
(1942-2008)
Photojournalist [ American ]
Léon Blum
(1872-1950)
Former Prime Minister of France [ French ]
Friedrich Bergius
(1884-1949)
Chemist [ German ]
Philip Showalter Hench
(1896-1965)
Physician [ American ]
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