23rd July In History

If we go by the British Statesman Edmund Burke, he says ‘those who don’t know history are destined to repeat it’, which corroborates the importance of history in our present and future. Therefore, it makes considerable sense to be aware of what history has to present in order to craft a meaningful life ahead of us. The notable discoveries, inventions, political and literary advancements of the past have paved way for a much convenient and rich lifestyle. The launch of two satellites and the invention of typewriter are some of the few milestones this day has witnessed. Be it the first swimming school in America or the lighthouse in Boston, several landmarks had mushroomed on this day, across the world. The annihilating natural calamities to the unfortunate deaths of prominent people have also made this day an unforgettable one. In addition, several developments in the field of sports have taken place on July 23rd. These include Tiger Woods winning a career Grand Slam or Lance Armstrong winning his 2nd consecutive Tour de France. This day seems to be laden with so many pivotal events which is not only unbelievable but unforgettable. Scroll down the page and you too will agree with the opening statements of the introduction which throws light on the importance of history in our present as well as future lives.


HISTORICAL EVENTS ON 23rd July



1215

Politics

Frederick II Crowned As The King In Aachen

On this day, Frederick II, the holy Roman Emperor was crowned the King of Romans in Aachen by the German Princess. At the age of three, the mighty emperor was appointed as the King of Sicily.


1914

Politics

Serbia Receives An Ultimatum

The ambassador of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Baron Giesl von Gieslingen, issued an ultimatum to Serbia on this day. This was triggered as a result of the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Australian throne and his wife by a Serbian nationalist in Bosnia, nearly one month ago.


1952

Politics

The Egyptian Revolution

On this day, a group of army officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser began a revolution known as the Egyptian Revolution of 1952. The prime reason for the creation was to overthrow King Farouk 1. However, it aimed at political changes as well.


1957

Politics

Bus Workers Strike In Britain

On this day, the entire Britain faced violent attacks by bus drivers all across, as the strike sparked by them entered the fourth day. It seemed like the drivers as well as the commuters had a tough time facing the consequences of the violent attacks.


1962

Politics

International Agreement Signed On The Neutrality Of Laos

On this day, an international agreement was signed between fourteen states including Laos in Geneva. All the fourteen states agreed on respecting the neutrality of Laos, thereby abstaining from any sort of intervention in the internal affairs of Laos. Despite the agreement, the situations didn’t improve in the region. In fact, it worsened during the Vietnam War.


1965

Politics

President Johnson Announces A State Of National Emergency

On this day, former U.S. President, Lyndon B. Johnson was urged by many to declare a state of emergency in the United States, considering the turbulent situations prevailing in Vietnam. In addition, Robert McNamara, Secretary of Defense, suggested Johnson to expand the military in South Vietnam.


1967

Politics

The Detroit Riot

The Detroit riot (12th Street riot), one of the most destructive riots in the history of America, happened during the wee hours, this day. It happened as a result of police raids of an unauthorized bar on the 12th street corner and Clairmount Avenue of the city.


2006

Politics

Doctor’s Strike In Germany

Nearly 70,000 doctors from more than 700 hospitals, continued to protest for better wages and work conditions, on this day. However, the doctors ensured that the emergency care provision remains functional, despite the strike.


2007

Politics

Iraq War Veterans Sue United States Government

The injured veterans of the Iraq war sued the U.S. Department of Veteran affairs on this day. The war veterans were frustrated due to the delay in providing health treatments and a relief for those suffering from disability.


2009

Politics

Iceland Submitted Its EU Application

Iceland submitted its formal application to join the European Union on July 23rd, 2009. The country underwent an economic collapse in 2008, which instigated the country’s leaders to join the European Union, with a hope that they would get some economic stability.


2013

Politics

Myanmar Releases Political Prisoners

Thein Sein, the President of Myanmar, ordered the release of seventy three political prisoners from the Myanmar prisons. Burma had been undergoing transition from military rule to democracy under the Presidency of Thein Sein.


1862

Wars

Henry Halleck Takes Charge Of The Union Army

In an attempt to improvise on the Union war efforts, General Henry Halleck took on the role of general-in-chief for all the Union forces. Before the civil war, Halleck served the Mexican- American War and later became the railroad president as well.


2002

Wars

The Downing Street Memo

On this day, a meeting happened between the senior British government officials as well as defense and intelligent officials to discuss on the intent for war in Iraq. It even included American policies of involving military action to get Saddam Husain removed.


1930

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Italy Shaken By Earthquake

On this day, a high intensity earthquake with a magnitude of 6.7, struck the southern area of Italy, with upper Irpinia being the worst affected. The deadly disaster left close to 1500 people dead and thousands injured. The reason behind this tremor is assigned to the poor quality of construction material of the buildings and the soil on which towns and villages were built.


1951

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Commander-In-Chief Dies In Prison

On this day, French General Henri-Philippe Petain, known for his exceptional leadership, died at the age of 95, in prison. He was sentenced to life imprisonment due to his collaboration with the Germans, who occupied France during World War II


1976

Disasters & Natural Calamities

The After Effects Of American Legion Event In Philadelphia

On this day, an event to celebrate the bicentennial of U.S. independence happened in Philadelphia, in which members of American Legion had gathered. Several days after the event, many people developed symptoms of Pneumonia that caused nearly 34 deaths. After an investigation, it was found that a CDC microbiologist, Joseph McDade had isolated the bacteria which caused pneumonia.


1982

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Mishap On The Sets Of Twilight Zone

On this day, American actor Vic Morrow along with Renee Shinn Chen and Myca Dinh Le, two child actors died on the sets of the movie ‘Twilight Zone’ in California. This happened as a result of shooting of a scene of a Vietnam War battle which involved the three artists to run from a helicopter approaching them. It seemed like the pilot lost control, which caused the plane to crash on the three of them, resulting in their instant deaths.


2008

Disasters & Natural Calamities

An Earthquake With 6.8 Magnitude Strikes Japan

On this day, an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale shook the island of Honshu in Japan. The quake left nearly 90 people injured and caused landslides and power failures.


1972

Sports

Eddy Merckx’s 4th Consecutive Tour De France Victory

Belgium based Eddy Merckx won the fourth consecutive Tour de France bicycling competition on this day. He worked hard on his cycling skills and mastered it to an extent where he was given the nickname ‘The Cannibal’, since he didn’t let anyone else win.


1996

Sports

U.S. Women Bring Home Gymnastic Gold Medal

The female gymnastics team of America won the first gold medal in the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Gerogia. The team, comprising of seven members, performed to the best of its ability and defeated the champions, Russia and Romania.


2000

Sports

Tiger Woods, Youngest Player To Win The Grand Slam

The famous American golf professional, Tiger Woods, made history by winning the Grand Slam at the 129th British Open and became the youngest player (24 years) to complete a career Grand Slam. To bag a career Grand Slam, one needs to win all four major tournaments once in their career.


2000

Sports

Lance Armstrong’s 2nd Victory In Tour De France

On this day, American cyclist Lance Armstrong, won the second Tour de France event, which is considered to be the most prestigious cycling race. However, the U.S. anti-doping agency later in 2012 announced the disqualification of Armstrong on the charges of doping.


1829

Literature & Entertainment

America’s First Typewriter Patented

On this day, Father of the typewriter, William Burt got his invention patented. The patent signed by former President Andrew Jackson offered him absolute rights for fourteen years.


1715

Trivia

First Lighthouse Built In America

On this day, the General court of Massachusetts gave its nod for the construction of a lighthouse in Boston, which was the first of its kind to be built in America back then. The tower, which came to be known as Boston Light opened the following year i.e. 1716.


1793

Trivia

Typhoid Fever Takes Roger Sherman’s Life

Roger Sherman, a Connecticut based statesman, succumbed to typhoid on this day, he was 72 then. He was a member of the ‘Committee of Five’ that was formed to draft the ‘Declaration of Independence’.


1827

Trivia

First American Swimming School

On this day in Boston, Massachusetts, the first swimming school opened. Sources claim the former U.S. President, John Quincy Adams and a famous naturalist, James Audubon, had visited the swimming school back then, to join as pupils.


1846

Trivia

Henry David Thoreau Gets Inspired To Write Civil Disobedience

Henry David Thoreau, an American philosopher, poet and journalist was arrested on the charge of non-payment of poll tax. He had to spend one night behind bars which sparked the idea of writing the famous civil disobedience which got published in 1849.


1863

Trivia

Alexandra Park Opened In London

The famous Alexandra Park, named after a famous royal from Denmark, opened to the public on 23rd July, 1863. The palace is built on a hill, which is now a conference center.


1878

Trivia

First Railroad Passenger Service In Ohio

On this day, the America’s first municipal railroad service became operational from Cincinnati to Chattanooga to the Norfolk Southern Railroad. The railroad service has played a significant role in U.S. from the industrial revolution times.


1878

Trivia

Black Bart Robs Again

The infamous outlaw, Black Bert popular for his style of leaving poetic messages after committing robberies got involved in another crime on this day. This time around, he robbed a ‘Wells Fargo’ Stagecoach, which had a small safe with few hundred dollars, a watch and a diamond ring.


1885

Trivia

Former American President Dies Of Throat Cancer

On this fateful day, the former President of the United States, Ulysses S Grant, died due to throat cancer. The absence of his wife and children while serving in the Mexican- American War, forced him into alcohol consumption which deteriorated his health. Later, he even developed a habit of smoking cigars, which possibly caused throat cancer.


1886

Trivia

Steve Brodie Jumped From The Brooklyn Bridge And Survived

On this day, it is believed that Steve Brodie from New York City jumped from the towering Brooklyn Bridge and survived. This stunt of his made him popular among the masses. He soon opened up a saloon and was even offered a career of a performer.


1903

Trivia

First ‘Model A’ Of ‘Ford’ Was Sold

On this day, American automobile company, Ford sold its first Ford ‘Model A’ which was the first production car by Ford. The owner of the first Ford’s car model was a Chicago based dentist, Ernest Pfenning. The car was known for its high volume, simplicity and economy.


1904

Trivia

Invention Of First Ice-Cream Cone

On this day, Charles E. Menches came up with the idea of an ice-cream cone, when he along with his brother, were at the St. Louis World’s Fair. The idea struck him when he observed few people putting ice cream in their cakes which had small holes in them. That’s when he filled his pastry cone with two scoops of ice cream which resulted in the invention of ice cream cones.


1918

Trivia

Series Of Bizarre Deaths In Nebraska

Della Sorenson, a schizophrenic, claimed by the doctors, committed her first murder of poisoning her sister in law’s daughter on this day. She was found guilty of killing many other people among her family, friends and acquaintances, who met with the same fate, under bizarre circumstances.


1920

Trivia

First Rancher In Montana Dies

Denmark based Conrad Kohrs, one of the first ranchers in the western state of Montana died in Helena on this day. At a tender age of fifteen, he moved to the U.S. in pursuit of making money and ended up being the largest and probably the only cattle rancher in Montana for years. Eventually, he got into politics as well and became the state senator.


1958

Trivia

Submarine Nautilus Departs From Pearl Harbor

As a part of ‘Operations Sunshine’, the submarine ‘USS Nautilus’, with over hundred sailors, departed from Pearl harbor, Hawaii, under secret orders on this day. These men achieved the goal of becoming the first vessel to cross the North Pole by ship on 3rd August, 1958.


1962

Trivia

Launch Of First Telecommunication Satellite

The era of satellite television started on this day when communication satellite, ‘Telstar’ facilitated the first live television broadcast in Europe. Millions of people watched this historic spectacle and soon this new technology was very much in demand.


1972

Trivia

Launch Of Satellite ‘Landsat 1’

On this day, ‘NASA’ achieved its goal of launching the first civilian Earth observation satellite by launching ‘Landsat 1’ which became the ‘Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS-1)’. ‘Landsat’ is a land remote sensing satellite program and since 1972, it has been providing significant data of Earth’s land surfaces.


1984

Trivia

‘Miss America’ Gives Up Her Title

Vanessa Williams, who was 21 years old back then, was the first black woman to be crowned as Miss America, forfeited her title on this day. This happened after the magazine ‘Penthouse’ shared its plans of publishing inappropriate photos of the model in its September issue. This was the first ever resignation which took place in the history.


1984

Trivia

Leukemia Threat Due To Sellafield Nuclear Power Plant

A government report has confirmed higher number of Leukemia cases in the areas around Sellafield Nuclear Power Plant in Cumbria. However, it was later said that there wasn’t much evidence to explicitly prove the link between the disease and the nuclear plant.


1985

Trivia

‘Amiga 1000’ Introduced By Commodore

The North America based computer and hardware manufacturer, ‘Commodore International’ introduced the first personal computer ‘Amiga 1000’ on this day. The computer soon became quite popular and started being used widely due to its varied features and capabilities.


1986

Trivia

Prince Andrew And Sarah Ferguson Wedding

The Duke of York, Prince Andrew got married to Sarah Ferguson in Westminster Abbey, London. The two knew each other since childhood and got romantically involved after meeting at a party held at Windsor Castle. Following which Andrew put forth the marriage proposal to Sarah.


2003

Trivia

Child Abuse By Church’s Priests In Massachusetts

As per the reports of the Massachusetts Attorney General, hundreds of children were apparently sexually abused by the priests and other authorities of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese. The report was revealed to the public on this day.


2005

Trivia

Bomb Explosion In Egypt Resort

On this day, some 88 people got killed and nearly 200 injured in a terrorist attack that occurred in Sharm el-Sheik, a resort in Egypt. Sources suggest that explosion happened as a result of suicide bombers who indulged in the attack through two car bombs.


2007

Trivia

Most Wanted Spanish Bank Robber Arrested

The notorious serial bank robber, Jaime Gimenez, was arrested on this day in Figueira da Foz, Portugal while he was on a mission to loot another bank. It is believed that he was charged of 31 bank robberies and even murdering three men.


2007

Trivia

Honda Manufacturers Its 6 Millionth Civic

On this day in North America, the famous Japanese Automobile giant ‘Honda’ produced its six millionth ‘Civic’. The Motor Company was into manufacturing motorcycles first, however, later, it expanded to automobiles as well.


2011

Trivia

Amy Winehouse Found Dead In Her Home In London

Acclaimed singer and award-winner, Amy Winehouse, aged 27, was found dead in her flat in London on this day. The reason of her death is still a mystery to many, however if sources are to be believed, she died due of drug overdose.


2012

Trivia

Sally Ride Dies Of Pancreatic Cancer

Sally Ride, an American physicist and astronaut, who was the first American woman to go to space, died after battling pancreatic cancer for 17 months. She was 61, at the time of her death. She had received many awards and honors and had significantly contributed in the field of science and space exploration.


2015

Trivia

NASA’s Kepler Mission Discovers Planet Similar To Earth

The team of NASA’s Kepler mission announced its discovery of a planet ‘Kepler-452’ in one of the press conferences held on this day. The new planet discovered seems to closely resemble our planet Earth in orbit as well as size.


People Born This Day

Monica Lewinsky
(1973-)
[ American ]
Raymond Chandler
(1888-1959)
Novelist and Screenwriter [ American ]
Daniel Radcliffe
(1989-)
[ British ]
Woody Harrelson
(1961-)
Actor, Activist [ American ]
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(1967-2014)
Actor, Director & Producer [ American ]
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(1856-1920)
[ Indian ]
Najib Razak
(1953-)
Prime Minister of Malaysia [ Malaysian ]
Haile Selassie
(1892-1975)
Former Emperor of Ethiopia [ Ethiopian ]
Vladimir Prelog
(1906-1998)
Chemist [ Swiss ]
Slash
(1965-)
Musician [ American ]
Don Imus
(1940-)
Radio Talk Show Host [ American ]
Chandra Shekhar Azad
(1906-1931)
Revolutionary [ Indian ]
Maurice Greene
(1974-)
Track & Field Sprinter [ American ]
David Dobrik
(1996-)
Youtube/Vine Star [ American ]
Benjamin Flores Jr
(2002-)
Child Actor [ American ]
Kaelyn Olivia
(2000-)
YouTube star belonging to the group ‘SevenSuperGirls’ [ American ]
Roc Royal
(1997-)
Singer [ American ]
Katie LeBlanc
(1980-)
YouTube Star [ American ]
Paul Wesley
(1982-)
Actor [ American ]
Jess Conte
(1996-)
YouTuber, Vlogger, Singer & Beauty Guru. [ Australian ]
Dave Hester
(1964-)
Reality TV Star, Professional Auctioneer [ American ]


People Died This Day

Cordell Hull
(1871-1955)
Secretary of State, USA [ American ]
Domenico Scarlatti
(1685-1757)
Musical Composer [ Italian ]
Amy Jade Winehouse
(1983-2011)
[ British ]
Ulysses S. Grant
(1822-1885)
President of the U.S.A [ American ]
Alberto Santos Dumont
(1873-1932)
[ Brazilian ]
Chaim Potok
(1929-2002)
[ American ]
D. W. Griffith
(1875-1948)
[ American ]
Sally Ride
(1951-2012)
[ American ]
Andrew Cunanan
(1969-1997)
American Spree Killer [ American ]
William Tubman
(1895-1971)
Politician [ Liberian ]
Philippe Pétain
(1856-1951)
Marshal of France [ French ]
William Ramsay
(1852-1916)
Chemist [ British ]
Mohammed Zahir Shah
(1914-2007)
Former King of Afghanistan [ Afghan ]
Montgomery Clift
(1920-1966)
Actor [ American ]
Henry Hallett Dale
(1875-1968)
Physiologist & Pharmacologist [ British ]
Ernst Otto Fischer
(1918-2007)
Chemist [ German ]
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