22nd March In History

Certain events in history such as World War I and the Great Depression have made a huge impact on the minds of the masses. If we glance through the books of history, we will be surprised to know the prominence of each of the 365 days of the year. The 22nd of March too is one such important day during which quite a few historic events have taken place. It was on this day that important decisions like allowing unmarried people to possess contraceptives were announced. Right from the birth of a new nation to structuring our present day society, the 22nd of March has a lot more prominence than we had imagined. Battles were fought, emperors were crowned and many crucial developments in the fields of sports, science, movies and music had occurred on this memorable day. Admirers of several world renowned personalities remember this day as the birthdays and even the death anniversaries of their idols. This is why 22nd March means a lot to a few sections of the society. After reading this article, you will remember 22nd March for a whole new reason altogether.


HISTORICAL EVENTS ON 22nd March



238

Politics

Gordian I And Gordian II Were Elected As The Rulers Of Rome

It was on 22nd March that Gordian I and his son Gordian II were elected to rule as the supreme leaders of Rome. The year 238 AD, when this event occurred is referred to as the ‘Year of Six Emperors’,


1765

Politics

The Stamp Act Was Passed On All British American Regions

The Stamp Act of 1765 was approved as a law, by the British Parliament on March 22. It was a directive for all regions of British America to pay a tax for every document they used.


1790

Politics

Thomas Jefferson Becomes The First U.S. Secretary Of State

Thomas Jefferson became the first Secretary of State on this day in 1790 and held the position till December 31st, 1793. He also went on to become the 3rd President of the United States, which speaks volumes about his leadership skills.


1829

Politics

The London Protocol Was Signed

The powerful nations United Kingdom, Russia and France came together to sign a treaty called ‘London Protocol’ on 22nd March, 1829, which led to the creation of the present day Greece. The treaty declared Greece an independent state which would have its own government.


1871

Politics

William Woods Holden Impeached

On March 22nd, 1871 William Woods Holden, who served as the Governor of North Carolina twice, was prosecuted for illegal arrests of several individuals as well as other charges. He became the first governor of the United States of America to be removed from his post, as a result of a disciplinary action.


1873

Politics

Emancipation Day In Puerto Rico

March 22nd 1873, saw the parliament of Puerto Rico putting an end to slavery forever. Also known as Emancipation Day, March 22 is an official holiday in Puerto Rico.


1933

Politics

President Roosevelt Legalizes The Sale Of 3.2% Of Alcohol In Beer And Wine

The trade of any alcoholic drink was unlawful in the United States during the period 1920-1933. However on this day in 1933 Roosevelt officially allowed the trade of 3.2% of alcohol in beer and wine according to the ‘Cullen–Harrison Act’


1939

Politics

Germany Takes Memel From Lithuania

On March 20th 1939, the Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany gave a final warning to his counterpart in Lithuania to give back the Memel region, since it was initially a part of Germany. This demand was accepted by Lithuania on 22nd March and since then Memel has been a part of Germany.


1942

Politics

Cripps Mission To Gain Indian Support For World War II

A British politician, Sir Stanford, led the ‘Cripps Mission’ with an aim to gain Indian support during the World War-II and arrived at the Indian Capital, New Delhi, on 22nd March 1942. The mission failed since Stanford did not promise freedom but only dominion status to India.


1945

Politics

Arab League Came Into Existence

The powerful Arab league came into being on this day in Cairo, Egypt, and consisted of individuals representing nations like Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Yemen, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Initially it consisted of 6 member nations, but now this association consists of around 22 nations.


1965

Politics

The U.S Department Of State Confirms The Use Of “Non-Lethal Gas”

On this day in 1965, the U.S department of state admitted that the United States of America had supplied the South Vietnamese army with a gas that immobilizes people for a limited time. This declaration did not go down well with people and was widely criticized.


1972

Politics

Equal Rights Amendment Sent For Approval By The United States Congress

The Equal Rights Amendment was proposed to make sure that the women also enjoyed all the rights that were granted to the men. This amendment was passed by the Congress and the deadline set for its ratification was 22nd March 1972.


1972

Politics

EisenstadtV. Baird Legalized Unmarried People To Possess Contraception

On this eventful day of 1972, Eisenstadt V. Baird, a crucial development occurred in the high profile case which was being looked into by the Supreme Court of the United States. The judiciary permitted unmarried people to use contraceptives, giving a nod to the idea of premarital sex. Hence the archaic rule which prevented the sale of contraceptives amongst unmarried people, was abolished forever.


1979

Politics

Diplomat Sir Richard Sykes, A British Ambassador Was Assassinated

Sir Richard Sykes was a British ambassador working in Netherlands who lost his life at the hands of the ‘Provisional Irish Republican Army’ (PIRA) on this unfortunate day. The diplomat and his valet were shot and both of them died almost instantly.


1992

Politics

The First Parliamentary Elections In Albania

‘People's Socialist Republic of Albania’, was disbanded on this day, which signified the fall of communism. The first parliamentary elections, held on the same day, proved to be lucky for the ‘Democratic Party of Albania’, since they won 92 seats out of 140.


2004

Politics

Ahmed Yassin Founder Of Palestinian Islamic Group Assassinated By The Israeli Armed Forces

Ahmed Yassin is remembered as the founder of ‘Hamas’, an Islamic association of Palestine, which is well-known for its barbaric acts of repeatedly attacking Israeli civilians. But 22nd March saw the end of Ahmed Yassin, as he was killed by bullets fired by the members of the Israeli army from the aircraft ‘Boeing AH-64 Apache’. Along with him, both his bodyguards and 9 other people also lost their lives.


871

Wars

Battle Of Marton

Of the 8 battles fought between the King of Wessex and the Danish troops, this bloody battle which took place on 22ndMarch 871, was the last. It has been claimed that when all the battles fought between the two armies were taken into account, the Danish army seemed to easily be the winner.


1622

Wars

Indian Butchered 347 English People

On March 22nd 1622, Opechanacanough, the tribal chief of the Algonquian Indians led a ruthless attack that killed one third of the population in Jamestown, a colony in the USA. The mass murder of about 347 English residents was so horrifying that the day is remembered as the ‘Indian massacre of 1622’.


1713

Wars

The Tuscarora War Saw The Fort Neoheroka Being Burnt

The gruesome Tuscarora War was fought between the colonists, comprising of Dutch, British and German soldiers as well as the Tuscarora natives during 1711-1715 in North Carolina. During 1713, colonists captured the Neoheroka stronghold and burnt it, taking the lives of hundreds of unsuspecting people. This merciless battle of 1713 ended on 22nd march, leaving this nation in complete shambles and vulnerable to European colonization.


1849

Wars

Battle Of Novara

This ghastly battle fought between the ferocious armies of the victorious Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia started on 22nd March and ended at the break of the next day. Though this horrifying skirmish lasted only for a day, it took the lives of about 990 soldiers and left more than 3000 warriors wounded.


1915

Wars

Siege Of Przemyśl Came To An End

Remembered as the longest battle of World War I, the ‘Siege of Przemyśl’ was a conflict between the Austro-Hungarian army and the Russian forces, in which about 86,000 people lost their lives. On this day in 1914, the former threw in the towel and the Russian army had a decisive victory.


1920

Wars

Shusha Massacre- Mass Assassination Of The Armenians

The horrifying Shusha Massacre was led by the Azerbaijani army with an aim to destroy the Armenian natives of Shusha. This cold-blooded attack started on 22nd March and the brutal slaughter continued for a period of 4 days. This resulted in the death of about 20,000-30,000 Armenians and a complete destruction of one part of the city.


1942

Wars

Second Battle Of Sirte

The second battle of Sirte was fought on 22nd March 1942, in the northern part of the Gulf of Sidra, Mediterranean Sea. The combat was fought between the armies of United Kingdom and Italy.


1943

Wars

The Khatyn Massacre

On the dreadful day of 22nd March 1943, the cold-blooded Schutzmannschaft Nazi troop slaughtered the entire population of Khatyn, a settlement in Belarus. These brutal murders conducted by the Nazis resulted in the death of about 147 people and they also burned down the entire village.


2013

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Fire Broke Out In A Thailand Refugee Camp Fire

A kitchen mishap caused due to carelessness led to the burning of ‘Ban Mae Surin’ camp in Thailand on 22nd March 2013 which killed about 37 people and injured 2,300. The fire was blazing for about 2 hours spreading extremely fast due to the unfortunate combination of hot weather and the wind.


2014

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Oso Mudslide Washington

On 22nd March 2014, 43 people were killed due to the horrific landslide that took place in Oso, Washington. Apart from the destruction of 49 houses and other edifices in the surrounding, the mudslide had a huge impact on the minds of the people of Washington. It is remembered as the scariest landslide that has ever occurred in the history of United States.


2014

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Lake Albert Boat Disaster

It was a regular day in Africa, until a boat sailing on the Lake Albert capsized, due to which 251 people lost their lives. Majority of the people believe that the vessel contained more people than its capacity, which led to the accident.


2015

Disasters & Natural Calamities

‘Cyclone Pam’ Hit Vanuatu

On 22nd March, 2015, Vanuatu, an island in South Pacific experienced its worst disaster ever. Approximately 16 people were killed during this horrific cyclone named ‘Pam’.


1975

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Fire At Brown Ferry Nuclear Power Plant Caused A Nuclear Emergency

On March 22nd 1975, some employees were using candles to check if there were any air leaks in the ‘Brown Ferry Nuclear Power Plant’. Unfortunately one of the workers bought the candle too close to the rubber pipe being inspected and it caught fire. The resulting blaze caused significant impairment to the system damaging the wires of the reactor control room and leading to a nuclear crisis.


1978

Disasters & Natural Calamities

The Founder Of ‘The Flying Wallendas’ Died Along With 3 Other Members

‘The Flying Wallendas’ was the name of a group that performed fearless stunts, especially acts done on wires at massive heights. On March 22nd 1978, Karl Wallenda the founder of this group along with 2 other members lost balance and fell, due to which they lost their lives.


1992

Disasters & Natural Calamities

US Air Flight 405 Crashed In A Short While After Its Takeoff

On this ill-fated day the ‘USAir Flight 405’, just minutes into its flight crashed and the pilot, a crewmember and 27 passengers lost their lives. Surveys conducted after this incident reveled that it was the ice on the wings and airframe, which caused this dreadful incident to take place.


1889

Sports

‘Sheffield United Football Club’ Was Founded

‘Sheffield United F.C.’ was founded on this day in 1889 in South Yorkshire and is currently a part of the first league in English Football. The club is also addressed as ‘The Blades’ since Sheffield is well known for its steel manufacture.


1894

Sports

First Stanley Cup Championship Played

The world’s first ‘Stanley Cup Championship’ commenced on 22nd March, 1894 in Canada. At the end of the tournament, the National Hockey League winner of the year is felicitated. This championship is considered as one of the most prestigious events in the field of sports.


1906

Sports

The First Anglo-French Rugby Match Was Played In Parc Des Princes

On this day in 1906, ‘Parc des Princes’, a football stadium in Paris witnessed the first ever Anglo-French rugby match. ‘Le Crunch’ was the name selected for this yearly rugby game played between England and France.


1989

Sports

Clint Malarchuk Survived A Lethal Injury During A National Hockey League Game

On 22nd March when Steve Tuttle of the opposite team tried to score a goal, the blade of his skate slit the goal keeper Malarchuk throat. The cut to Clint’s throat bled so profusely that just the sight of it had not only 11 people from the audience pass out but 2 people suffered heart attacks and 3 of his colleagues vomited on the spot.


1744

Literature & Entertainment

The First Book Of English Rhymes Was Published

Mary Cooper published the first book of English rhymes called ‘Tommy Thumbs Song Book’ on this day in 1744. The book also included a popular poem ‘Ba Ba Black Sheep’, which was apparently included in the compilation to speak against the tax imposed on wool during those times.


1895

Literature & Entertainment

The First Private Screening Of A Movie Was Held

Auguste and Louis Lumière hosted the first ever screening of a movie for a selected audience on this day in 1895. These talented brothers who have earned a place in history for being one of the first few filmmakers of the world, have even patented their version of a cinematograph.


1784

Trivia

The Emerald Buddha Is Moved To Its Current Location In Thailand

The Emerald Buddha is regarded by the people of Thailand as the effigy which ensures the security of their country. On 22nd March 1784, this statue was moved to ‘Wat Phra Kaew’ in Thailand from a memorial in Thonburi, located near Bangkok.


1814

Trivia

Cornstarch, A Kitchen Ingredient Was Patented

Orlando Jones was graced with the U.S patent for inventing ‘Cornstarch’. It is a popular pantry ingredient used while baking or to thicken soups and is a chief ingredient of several other recipes as well.


1960

Trivia

Arthur Leonard Schawlow And Charles Hard Townes Are Graced With A Patent For A Laser

Schawlow and Townes were the two brilliant physicists to be granted the first patent for a laser on 22nd March 1960. The two scientists were also honored with the ‘Nobel Prize in Physics’ for their outstanding contribution to the field of science.


1963

Trivia

‘The Beatles’ First Album Released In United Kingdom

‘Please Please Me’ was the first album of the rock band ‘The Beatles’ and it was released in the United Kingdom on this day. Its release not only created a sensation among all music lovers but secured the 39th position in the ‘Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time’.


1982

Trivia

Nasa's Third Space Shuttle Mission Launched

‘STS-3’ was the third space shuttle launched by ‘NASA’ on this day in 1982. It travelled a huge distance of 5,300,000 kilometers in 8 days and had to be forcibly landed on ‘White Sands Space Harbor’, due to unfavorable weather conditions.


1984

Trivia

Mcmartin And Her Kin Faced Charges Of Sexual Abuse Of Kids

A woman named Mcmartin, who is also the founder of a renowned pre-school and her family members were detained on 22nd March 1984 on charges of child abuse. After 6 years of legal proceedings, they were let free by the court of law since there was not enough evidence against them. The case is remembered as the most exorbitant trial which ran for the longest period in the America.


1993

Trivia

The First ‘World Water Day’ Was Celebrated

The first ‘World Water Day’ was declared by the ‘United Nations General Assembly’ on this day in 1993. Since then, March 22nd is observed every year to address the various problems associated with water.


1993

Trivia

Intel’s First P5-Based Microprocessor Was Released

22nd March was an important day for the information technology giant ‘Intel’, since it released its first P5-Based Microprocessor on this day. ‘Lexicon Branding’ an American company, was employed to coin a unique name for Intel’s new release and they came up with the name ‘Pentium’.


1995

Trivia

ValeriPolyakov An Astronaut Returned To Earth After Staying In Space For 14 Months

Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov has carved a name for himself in the books of history by staying in space for a span of 14 months at a stretch. He finished his journey successfully and landed on Earth on 22nd March 1995.


1997

Trivia

Comet Hale–Bopp Has The Closest Encounter With Earth

Also known as the most popular comet of the 20th century, Hale-Bopp was the nearest to Earth on this day in 1997. At a distance of 1.315 AU away from our planet, this comet made waves soon and was hailed as the ‘Great Comet’ of 1997.


2002

Trivia

Paralyzed Woman Granted 'Right To Die’

A woman addressed as ‘Miss B’ to maintain secrecy, won the fight against the government to have her medical treatment stopped on this day in 2002. Unfortunately, she was unable to move any part of her body below the neck and felt that she was left paralyzed. Though the Judge, Elizabeth Butler-Sloss asked her to reevaluate her petition, Miss B was firm on her decision.


2013

Trivia

‘My Chemical Romance’ An American Rock Band Dissolved

The American rock band that was formed in 2001, split on this day in 2013 after giving numerous hits like ‘The Black Parade’ and ‘Conventional Weapons’, among many others. A compilation of the greatest hits of the band was released a year after its members parted ways on 25th March 2014.


2015

Trivia

The Remains Of Richard III, King Of England Were Taken To The Leicester Cathedral

In 1066, the monarch Richard III was killed in the ‘Battle of Hastings’ and his body was buried in Leicester. Some sources say that the remains of the powerful king were lost and were discovered again in 2012. On this day of 2015, his remains were taken back to the Leicester Cathedral with great pomp and show to be reburied 4 days later.


People Born This Day

Reese Witherspoon
(1976-)
Actress [ American ]
Robert Andrews Millikan
(1868-1953)
Physicist [ American ]
William Shatner
(1931-)
Actor, Producer [ Canadian ]
Stephen Sondheim
(1930-)
[ American ]
Chico Marx
(1887-1961)
[ American ]
Pat Robertson
(1930-)
Evangelist, Media Mogul [ American ]
Cheddi Jagan
(1918-1997)
Guyana's Father of Nation [ Guyanese ]
Goran Bregović
(1950-)
Musician [ Yugoslav ]
Caroline Norton
(1808-1877)
Author [ British ]
Anthony van Dyck
(1599-1641)
Painter [ Belgian ]
Surya Sen
(1894-1934)
Revolutionary [ Indian ]
Burton Richter
(1931-)
Physicist [ American ]
Tyler Oakley
(1989-)
YouTuber [ American ]
Nick Robinson
(1995-)
Actor [ American ]
Gaz Beadle
(1988-)
Reality Television Star [ British ]
Judson Laipply
(1976-)
Motivational Speaker, Dancer [ American ]


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