1st September In History

According to the famous English romantic poet, Percy Bysshe Shelley, “History is a cyclic poem written by time upon the memories of man”. So, over the years we have been seeing the repetitive patterns of the way history presents itself to people. Great achievements, developments in assorted fields, battles of different kinds have their memories that linger around us even today. Even though history has a lot to teach, yet events of the same nature keep repeating again and again which probably makes it cyclic. One such eventful day in history is 1st September and you shall be shocked to learn that so much has happened on just one single day. A number of great battles were started on Ist September; the World War II being the most infamous among them. The other major battles that started on this date were the Battle of Castelnaudary, Battle of Tippermuir, Battle of Chantilly and the Battle of Sedan. The last one resulted in the capture of Emperor Napoleon III. Deadly natural disasters like the Japan and Iran earthquakes, forest fires of Minnesota and the Hurricane Carol of Mississippi all took place on 1st September. Two well-known asteroids, 3 Juno 3 and 31 Euphrosyne, and solar flares were also discovered on this day. Lot of other events with varying importance took place on this day. And coming back to the cyclic nature of events, we can always figure out a strong pattern which keeps getting repeated which each passing year. Nevertheless, history still holds a very dear place in the hearts of people of every epoch and will continue to do so. Let's scoop out some more information on this special date-1st September.


HISTORICAL EVENTS ON 1st September



1807

Politics

Aaron Burr Acquitted Of Charges Of Treason

The former American Vice President, Aaron Burr was acquitted of the charges of treason against the United States on this day. He was arrested in February 1807 on the grounds that he had annexed Spanish territories in Louisiana and Mexico.


1873

Politics

Cetshwayo KaMpande Crowned As The King Of The Zulu Nation

Cetshwayo kaMpande was crowned as the King of the Zulu nation on this day thereby becoming the last independent king of the Zulu nation. It was he who led his nation to win against the British in the Battle of Isandlwana.


1905

Politics

Alberta And Saskatchewan Enter Canadian Confederation

The Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan joined the Canadian Confederation on this day. The idea behind putting forth a Canadian Confederation was to provide strength and unity during the American civil war times.


1914

Politics

St. Petersburg Changed Its Name To Petrograd

On this day, the name of the Russian city, St. Petersburg was changed to Petrograd. However, very soon city’s name was changed to the original name of St. Petersburg. It was considered as most avant-garde city of Russia.


1916

Politics

The Keating-Owen Act

The Keating-Owen Act aimed at restricting child labor became effective on this day. Enacted by the U.S Congress, the Act enacted by the U.S. Congress prohibited the sale in interstate commerce of goods produced by factories that employed children under fourteen, mines that employed children younger than sixteen, and any facility where children under fourteen worked after 7:00 p.m. or before 6:00 a.m. or more than 8 hours daily. The Bill was named on the sponsors’ names, Edward Keating and Robert Latham Owen.


1928

Politics

Highway Dedicated In The Memory Of Abraham Lincoln

The famous ‘Lincoln Highway’ which was dedicated in the memory of Abraham Lincoln was officially inaugurated on September 1, 1928. On this day a group of boy scouts placed nearly 3000 concrete markers along the highway in order to officially mark it in the memory of Lincoln.


1932

Politics

Mayor Of New York Resigns

The Mayor of New York James J. Walker was forced to resign on this day after serving as the Mayor of the city since 1925. He was found guilty of corruption and other inappropriate activities.


1939

Politics

Euthanasia Program For Mentally And Physically Disabled People

Adolf Hitler’s instructed mass murder of mentally and physically disabled people living in Germany or Germany inhabited territories on this day. The program was first targeted for children; however it extended even to the killing of adult disabled patients.


1939

Politics

George C. Marshall Becomes Chief Of Staff Of U.S. Army

On this day, George C. Marshall moved to the rank of General when he was nominated as the Chief of Staff of U.S. Army. Due to the unrest in Europe, President, Franklin Roosevelt nominated Marshall to this rank.


1939

Politics

Knight’s Cross Of The Iron Cross Instituted

On this day, the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was instituted by Adolf Hitler during the outbreak of the World War II. A Knight’s Cross was one of the awards being awarded to people for their valor and bravery during the war.


1951

Politics

Signing Of The ANZUS Treaty

On this day, the security treaty, ‘ANZUS Treaty’ was signed between Australia, New Zealand and United States in order to have a protection of the security of the Pacific. The Treaty came into force on 29th April 1952.


1966

Politics

President Of France Urges U.S. To Move Out Of Vietnam

The President of France, Charles de Gaulle, urged the United States to get out of Vietnam on this day thereby publicly denouncing the U.S. policy. The President wanted to have a settlement of the war which could happen only if the American troops pulled out of Vietnam.


1969

Politics

Muammar Al-Qaddafi Assumes Command In Libya

Libyan Army captain, Muammar al-Qaddafi deposed King Idris I of Libya in a military coup and became the chairman of Libya’s Revolutionary Command Council.


1971

Politics

Qatar Declared Independence From Britain

On this day, Qatar declared independence from the British rule by adopting a new constitution. The pervious treaties were replaced by treaty of friendship. Finally after extensive negotiations, Doha became the capital of Qatar’s British Protectorate.


1982

Politics

The American Air Force Space Command Founded

The U.S. Air Force Space Command, a major command of the American Air Force was founded on this day. It was developed to take care of the administration and operation of military space technologies across the world.


2008

Politics

Japanese Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda Resigned

The former Japanese Prime Minister, Yasuo Fukuda resigned on this day after serving less than a year in the position. In the light of the economic problems, political deadlock and government’s fading popularity, Fukuda decided to take this step.


1632

Wars

Battle Of Castelnaudary

The Battle of Castelnaudary was fought on this day between the rebel forces of Henri II de Montmorency and the royalist forces led by Marshal Henri de Schomberg in Castelnaudary, France on this day. The battle resulted in the French Royalist victory.


1644

Wars

Battle Of Tippermuir

The Battle of Tippermuir was fought on this day in Perth, Scotland between Irish Royalist forces and Scots Covenanters forces during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. The Royalists won in the battle.


1862

Wars

Battle Of Chantilly

The Battle of Chantilly took place between the Union forces (U.S.) and the Confederate forces (C.S.) in Fairfax Country, Virginia which became the concluding battle of Northern Virginia Campaign of the American Civil War. The battle was an inconclusive one.


1864

Wars

The Fall Of Atlanta

During the American Civil War, Atlanta was a critical Confederate hub. On this day, Union forces led by General William Tecumseh Sherman lay siege to Atlanta, Georgia. They shelled the civilians and cutt off the supply lines. As a result, the Confederates retreated and the Atlanta fell to Union forces.


1870

Wars

The Battle Of Sedan

The Battle of Sedan was fought between the French and the Prussian forces on this day in Sedan, France resulting in German victory. The French Emperor, Napoleon III was captured in the battle resulting in the end of the Second French Empire.


1939

Wars

German Invasion Of Poland

The German troops invaded Poland on this day under the instructions of Adolf Hitler who claimed the invasion to be an act of defense. However, not being convinced, Britain and France waged war against Germany which led to the outbreak of the World War II.


1894

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Forest Fire Burns Down The Town Of Hinckley, Minnesota

The town of Minnesota was devastated by a forest fire on this day resulting in the death of nearly 440 people in that area. The area was quite prone to such fires as most of the lands got cleared for agriculture and other activities by the European settlers.


1923

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Massive Earthquake Rocks Japan

A high intensity ‘Great Kanto earthquake’ with a magnitude of 7.9 hit Kanto Tokyo-Yokohama area in Japan on this day followed by a tsunami. The disaster resulted in massive loss of lives with a death toll of more than 140,000.


1954

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Hurricane Carol Hits Mississippi

Hurricane carol made its landfall in Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island on this day with winds of 105 miles per hour. The hurricane resulted in loss of 35 lives and wrecked enough damage to the affected areas.


1962

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Powerful Earthquake Hits Iran

On this day, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3 rocked Iran which killed nearly 12,000 people. Iran is known to be an earthquake prone area and many quakes of varying magnitudes have occurred in the history of Iran.


1981

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Teenage Son Murders His Father

Eric Witte, a fifteen year old son shot down his father, Paul Witte on this day in their family home in Indiana. However Eric was claimed innocent and was released on the account that it happened accidently. Eventually it was revealed that he had intentionally murdered his father after being instigated by his mother, Hilma Marie Witte to do so.


1983

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Soviet Union Shot Down Korean Airlines Plane

A Korean Airline passenger flight was shot down by Soviet Jet fighters when it entered the Russian air territory on this day. All 269 passengers and crew members on board were killed in the tragic incident.


2006

Disasters & Natural Calamities

Iran Passenger Plane Crash

On this day, Iran Air tour airline which took off from Bandar Abbas skidded on the runway of the Mashad Airport sparking a fire while it made its landing. The crash killed 29 people of the 148 people aboard.


1972

Sports

Bobby Fischer Becomes World Chess Champion

The American chess player, Bobby Fischer, made history when he became world chess champion by defeating Soviet Union’s Boris Spassky in a game of chess on this day. With this victory, the talented player became Word’s Chess Champion.


1987

Sports

Michael Chang Becomes The Youngest Winner At The U.S. Open Tennis Championship

On this day, 15 year old Michael Chang made history by becoming the youngest man to win in the U.S. Tennis open beating Paul McNamee. Chang later became the youngest male player to win a Grand Slam after his splendid victory in the French Open in 1989.


1902

Literature & Entertainment

A Trip To Moon Released In France

A French silent film, ‘A Trip to the Moon’, directed by Georges Melies, got released in France on this day. The movie is about few astronomers who land on the surface of the moon and how they escape the lunar inhabitants and return to Earth.


1998

Literature & Entertainment

J.K. Rowling’s First Book Released

The famous book by J.K. Rowling, ‘Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone’ got released on this day in the United States. This book was the first one in the Harry Potter series and was published on 26th June, 1997 in London.


2007

Literature & Entertainment

Movie ‘Into The World’ Premiers At The Telluride Film Festival

The movie, ‘Into the Wild’ directed by Sean Penn premiered on this day in Telluride Film Festival in U.S. The movie is based on a true story of a young man who goes into the Alaskan wilderness and eventually dies.


1730

Trivia

Benjamin Franklin Weds Deborah Read

Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of United States, and a famous scientist and inventor married Deborah Read on this day. The couple had two children from their 44-year marriage.


1802

Trivia

Richmond Recorder Publishes Report Of Thomas Jefferson's Concubine

Richmond Recorder published a report on Thomas Jefferson who was found to be keeping a female slave as mistress; her name was Sally Hemings. Jefferson temporarily retired from politics at the time when this news was published.


1804

Trivia

Asteroid 3 Juno Discovered By Karl Ludwig Harding

The asteroid, ‘3 Juno’ was discovered on this day by the German astronomer, Karl Ludwig Harding. ‘3 Juno’ is considered as one of the brightest and largest in its class and is categorised into S class category of asteroids.


1854

Trivia

Asteroid 31 Euphrosyne Discovered By An American Anthropologist

On this day, James Fergusson, an American astronomer discovered the asteroid, ‘31 Euphrosyne’. ’50 Virginia’ and ’60 Echo’ were the other two asteroids discovered by Fergusson in the subsequent years.


1859

Trivia

Solar Super Storm Touches Earth

On this day, an English astronomer, Richard Carrington spotted solar flares emerging out from the sun while he was leisurely observing the sun from his telescope from his private observatory. It impacted the telegraph communications.


1874

Trivia

General Post Office Opened In Australia

The General Post Office (GPO) was opened in Sydney, Australia on this day. The Sydney’s Post Office was one of the famous sites of the Australian National Estate and NSW.


1878

Trivia

Emma Nutt Becomes The First Female Telephone Operator

Alexander Graham Bell hired Emma Nutt for his company, ‘Boston Telephone Dispatch Company’ to work as a telephone operator in Boston. She made history by becoming the first female telephone operator of the world.


1888

Trivia

Deventer–Almelo Railway Line Opens

The Dutch Railway line, Deventer–Almelo railway opened on this day which connected Deventer with Almelo in the Netherlands. The construction of the railway line began in 1887 and it opened finally in 1888.


1897

Trivia

Boston Subway Opens In North America

North-America’s first subway opened on this day in Boston. This underground rapid transit system revolutionized the way the transport operated in America.


1914

Trivia

Passenger Pigeon Becomes Extinct

On this day, the last of the Passenger Pigeon species, ‘Martha’ died in the Cincinnati Zoological Garden thereby marking the extinction of these species. This proves how detrimental it gets when man exploits nature for his own interests.


1979

Trivia

NASA’s Pioneer 11 Becomes The First Spacecraft To Visit Saturn

The NASA’s space probe, ‘Pioneer 11’ which was one of the first probes to be designed to study outer space, became the first spacecraft to visit planet, ‘Saturn’ on this day. The Pioneer spacecrafts were also used to study Saturn’s rings.


1985

Trivia

Wreckage Of Titanic Discovered

The wreckage of the luxury liner, ‘Titanic’ was discovered by American and French researchers on this day. Considered to be an unsinkable ship, ‘Titanic’ sank on its maiden voyage in April 1912 after being struck by an ice-berg causing a loss of more than 1,500 lives.


1989

Trivia

Launch Of Toyota Lexus

The Japanese automobile company, ‘Toyota Motors’ sold its first model of ‘Lexus’ thereby launching company’s new luxury division on this day. Eventually other versions of ‘Lexus’ were added which included convertible, couple, sedan and SUV models


1988

Trivia

Airbags For Automobiles Become Mandatory

On this day, the federal government of the United Sates made the airbags a mandatory requisite for the automobiles on both sides of the front seat. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration stated that lot of lives could be saved due to the airbags.


2004

Trivia

Deadly Siege At A Russian School

Armed Chechen rebels took approximately 1200 children and adults hostage at a school in Beslan, North Ossetia. The hostage drama continued for three days and resulted in the death of 330 people which included 186 children..


2006

Trivia

Luxembourg Becomes The First Country To Move Completely To Digital Terrestrial Television

On this day, Luxembourg became the first country to completely move to digital television broadcasting. Digital technology provides better quality of picture and sound and more number of channels unlike the conventional modes of television broadcasting.


People Born This Day

Tarsila do Amaral
(1886-1973)
Artist [ Brazilian ]
Johann Pachelbel
(1653-1706)
Composer, Organist and Teacher [ German ]
J. F. C. Fuller
(1878-1966)
[ British ]
Gloria Estefan
(1957-)
Singer [ Cuban ]
Lily Tomlin
(1939-)
Comedienne & Actress [ American ]
Jhonen Vasquez
(1974-)
Cartoonist [ American ]
Alan Dershowitz
(1938-)
Lawyer [ American ]
Rocky Marciano
(1923-1969)
Professional Boxer [ American ]
Joaquin Balaguer
(1906-2002)
Former President of the Dominican Republic [ Dominican ]
Edgar Rice Burroughs
(1875-1950)
Creator of Tarzan [ American ]
Raphael Kalinowski
(1835-1907)
Discalced Carmelite Friar [ Polish ]
Shahar Tzuberi
(1986-)
Olympic athlete [ Israeli ]
Barry Gibb
(1946-)
Musician [ American ]
A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
(1896-1977)
Founder of ISKCON [ Indian ]
James Gordon Bennett, Sr.
(1795-1872)
Founder of New York Herald [ American ]
Ruud Gullit
(1962-)
Former Dutch Footballer [ Dutch ]
Francis William Aston
(1877-1945)
Chemist & Physicist [ British ]
Zendaya Maree Stoermer Coleman
(1996-)
Actress, Singer and Dancer [ American ]
Chanel West Coast
(1988-)
Rapper [ American ]
Olivia Haschak
(2005-)
Dancer, Social Media Personality [ American ]
Alex Holtti
(1994-)
Viner, YouTuber [ Danish ]
Snow Reacts
(2000-)
YouTube personality, Vlogger [ Canadian ]
Megan Nicole
(1993-)
Singer-songwriter [ American ]
Carl Benjamin
(1979-)
YouTuber/Game Developer [ British ]
Romeo Beckham
(2002-)
David Beckham’s Son [ British ]
Jungkook
(1997-)
Rapper [ South Korean ]
Allen Jones
(1937-)
Artist [ British ]
Joe Trohman
(1984-)
Musician [ American ]


People Died This Day

Siegfried Sassoon
(1886-1967)
[ British ]
George A. Smith
(1817-1875)
[ American ]
A. Bartlett Giamatti
(1938-1989)
Academician, Scholar, Commissioner of Major League Baseball [ American ]
Luis Walter Alvarez
(1911-1988)
Physicist [ American ]
Jacques Cartier
(1491-1557)
Explorer [ French ]
William Clark
(1770-1838)
Explorer [ American ]
Louis XIV of France
(1638-1715)
King of France [ French ]
Lillian Wald
(1867-1940)
Humanitarian, Nurse, Activist [ American ]
Guru Ram Das
(1534-1581)
Fourth Sikh Guru [ Indian ]
Ilse Koch
(1906-1967)
Nazi Concentration Camp Overseer [ German ]
Ann Harding
(1902-1981)
Actress [ American ]
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